HIV therapy and pregnancy

Special care must be taken when an HIV patient is pregnant. The objective is to reduce the risk of transmission of HIV to the fetus. Before the onset of labor, the patient is given 100 mg of ZDV five times daily, initiated at 14 to 34 weeks of gestation and continued throughout the pregnancy.

The patient is given ZDV intravenously in a 10-hour loading dose of 2 mg per kg of body weight, followed by a continuous infusion of 1 mg per kg of body weight per hour at beginning of labor and until delivery.

The newborn is then given PO ZDV at 2 mg/kg/per dose every 6 hours for the first 6 weeks of life, beginning 8 to 12 hours after birth.

0 0

Post a comment