There isn't a standard dose for pediatric patients. The dose is calculated using the patient's weight or the patient's body surface area. Some over-the-counter medications specifies a dose based on the child's age, but these are really based on the average weight of a child within that age range. The dose can become problematic if the child's weight is lower or higher than that of the age group. If a child with a very low weight receives an age-related dose it might result in an undesirable adverse affect from the medication. When a child who is heavier than average receives a dose related to age, the drug may not have a therapeutic effect.
Before administering medication to a pediatric patient consult with the parents to assess if the patient has allergies to food, medications, and the environment, a family history of allergies, an experience with medications and illnesses, or is taking any other medication or herbal remedies.
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