Abrasions And Lacerations

The most common skin injuries are abrasions and lacerations that are the result of accidents such as "road rash." This is caused by the body scraping along the roadway such as in a motorcycle accident. Patients who receive an abrasion or laceration are exposed to the same risk as a burn patient.

The site of the abrasion and laceration must be cleansed very carefully and treated with topical and sometimes systemic antibiotics and analgesics. Incomplete cleansing can result in tattoo-type scars.

Lacerations, commonly referred to as cuts, are interruptions in the integrity of the skin and should be monitored for signs of infection after they are cleaned and treated with antibiotics. Infection will cause the wound to appear red, swollen, and have purulent drainage (pus) and persistent pain.

Most minor cuts and abrasions are treated by cleaning the area with hydrogen peroxide or betadine and the applying a topical antibiotic such as Neosporin.

Some lacerations need to be sutured to close the open areas of the skin or topical skin adhesives are used to bring the edges together. Before suturing, the area must be flushed with copious amounts of normal saline. Sutures remain in place for about 7-10 days before they dissolve or are removed.

Puncture wounds do not cause a large area of visible injury to the skin but can carry a risk of damage to underlying tissues and infection. Puncture wounds should be cleansed carefully and monitored for signs of infection. The need for a tetanus toxoid booster immunization should be assessed.

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

How To Reduce Acne Scarring

Acne is a name that is famous in its own right, but for all of the wrong reasons. Most teenagers know, and dread, the very word, as it so prevalently wrecks havoc on their faces throughout their adolescent years.

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