The three most abundant biological macromolecules— proteins, nucleic acids, and polysaccharides—are all polymers composed of multiple covalently linked identical or nearly identical small molecules, or monomers (Figure 2-11). The covalent bonds between monomer molecules usually are formed by dehydration reactions in which a water molecule is lost:
Proteins are linear polymers containing ten to several thousand amino acids linked by peptide bonds. Nucleic acids
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