Lignin is a complex phenolic cell wall polymer that is chemically cross-linked with hemicellulose and cell wall proteins. Most of the methods to determine lignin content are based on the removal of all other cell wall constituents, typically through acid hydrolysis, which will readily remove hemicellulose under mild conditions, and non-crystalline cellulose under more severe conditions. Several different methods will be discussed below. The different methods have also been extensively reviewed and compared by Hatfield et al. (1994), Brinkmann et al. (2002), Fukushima and Hatfield (2004), and Hatfield and Fukushima (2005).
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