Tacrolimus is a macrolide lactone originally derived from Streptomyces tsukubaensis. Although structurally unrelated to cyclosporine, tacrolimus has a very similar mechanism of action; that is, it blocks the production of proinflammatory cytokines by T lymphocytes by inhibiting calcineurin. Tacrolimus, however, appears to be 10 to 100 times as potent as an immunosuppressive. Oral tacrolimus (FK506) is used for prevention of organ rejection in recipients of renal and hepatic transplants. A topical formulation (Protopic) has recently been approved for treatment of moderate to severe atopic dermatitis in children and adults who have not responded to other therapies. Levels of systemic absorption are low even when applied to a relatively large body surface area. Local irritant reactions (burning, stinging, erythema) are a common side effect, but these usually resolve within the first few days of treatment. The major benefit of topical tacrolimus over topical corticosteroids is that tacrolimus does not cause atrophy, striae, or telangiectasia, even with chronic use.
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Rosacea and Eczema are two skin conditions that are fairly commonly found throughout the world. Each of them is characterized by different features, and can be both discomfiting as well as result in undesirable appearance features. In a nutshell, theyre problems that many would want to deal with.