Supplemental Reading

Brophy JM, Joseph L, and Rouleau JL. Beta-blockers in congestive heart failure: A Bayesian metaanalysis. Ann Intern Med 2001;134:550-560.

Digitalis Investigation Group. The effects of digoxin on mortality and morbidity in patients with heart failure. N Engl J Med 1997;336:525-533.

Cohn JN et al. Effect of vasodilator therapy on mortality in chronic congestive heart failure: Results of a Veterans Administration Cooperative Study. N Engl J Med 1986;314:1547-1552.

CONSENSUS Trial Study Group. Effects of enalapril on mortality in severe congestive heart failure: Results of the Cooperative North Scandinavian Enalapril Survival Study (CONSENSUS). N Engl J Med 1987;316:1429-1435.

Hunt SA et al. ACC/AAAHA guidelines for the evaluation and management of CHF in the adult: Executive summary: A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation 2001;104:2996-3007.

Packer M et al. Effect of carvedilol on survival in severe chronic heart failure. N Engl J Med 2001;344:1651-1658.

Pitt B et al. The effect of spironolactone on morbidity and mortality in patients with severe heart failure. N Engl J Med 1999;341:709-717.

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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