Streptozocin (Zanosar), a water-soluble nitrosourea produced by the fungus Streptomyces achromogenes, acts through methylation of nucleic acids and proteins. In addition, it produces rapid and severe depletion of the pyridine nucleotides nicotinamide adenine dinu-cleotide (NAD) and its reduced form (NADH) in liver and pancreatic islets.

Streptozocin is not well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and must be administered intravenously or intraarterially. In preclinical studies, the plasma half-life was 5 to 10 minutes.

Streptozocin produces remission in 50 to 60% of patients with islet cell carcinomas of the pancreas. It is also useful in malignant carcinoid tumors.

Almost all patients have nausea and vomiting. The major toxicity is renal tubular damage, which may be severe in 5 to 10% of patients taking streptozocin. Treatment of metastatic insulinomas may result in the release of insulin from the tumor and subsequent hypo-glycemic coma. Less severe toxicities include diarrhea, anemia, and mild alterations in glucose tolerance or liver function tests.

Supplements For Diabetics

Supplements For Diabetics

All you need is a proper diet of fresh fruits and vegetables and get plenty of exercise and you'll be fine. Ever heard those words from your doctor? If that's all heshe recommends then you're missing out an important ingredient for health that he's not telling you. Fact is that you can adhere to the strictest diet, watch everything you eat and get the exercise of amarathon runner and still come down with diabetic complications. Diet, exercise and standard drug treatments simply aren't enough to help keep your diabetes under control.

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