Phase

In normal atrial and ventricular myocytes, phase 4 is electrically stable, with the resting membrane potential held at approximately -90 mV and maintained by the outward potassium leak current and ion exchangers previously described. It is during phase 4 that the Na+ channels necessary for atrial and ventricular myocyte depolarization recover completely from inactivation. In myocytes capable of automaticity, the membrane potential slowly depolarizes during this period to initiate an action potential (discussed later).

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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