Mechanism of Action

A number of theories have been put forward to account for the hypotensive action of a-methyldopa. Current evidence suggests that for a-methyldopa to be an anti-hypertensive agent, it must be converted to a-methyl-norepinephrine; however, its site of action appears to be in the brain rather than in the periphery. Systemically administered a-methyldopa rapidly enters the brain, where it accumulates in noradrenergic nerves, is converted to a-methylnorepinephrine, and is released. Released a-methylnorepinephrine activates CNS a-adrenoceptors whose function is to decrease sympathetic outflow. Why a-methylnorepinephrine decreases sympathetic outflow more effectively than does the naturally occurring transmitter is not entirely clear.

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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