The principal hormones involved in calcium metabolism and bone remodeling are parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcitonin, and vitamin D (D3). Other hormones, such as the thyroid hormones, growth hormone, androgens, estrogens, and the glucocorticoids also influence mineral homeostasis and bone metabolism. The three primary target tissues for these hormones are bone, kidney, and intestine. These three hormones and their target tissues maintain serum calcium levels, extracellular calcium levels, and bone integrity.

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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