Ifosfamide

Ifosfamide (Ifex) is an analogue of cyclophosphamide that requires metabolic activation to form 4-hydroxy-ifosfamide. In general, the metabolism, serum half-life, and excretion of ifosfamide are similar to those of cy-clophosphamide.

Ifosfamide is active against a broad spectrum of tumors, including germ cell cancers of the testis, lymphomas, sarcomas, and carcinomas of the lung, breast, and ovary. It is thought to be more active than cy-clophosphamide in germ cell cancers and sarcomas.

Ifosfamide is less myelosuppressive than cyclophos-phamide but is more toxic to the bladder. It also may produce alopecia, nausea, vomiting, infertility, and second tumors, particularly acute leukemias. Neurological symptoms including confusion, somnolence, and hallucinations have also been reported. It is recommended that ifosfamide be coadministered with the thiol compound mesna (Mesnex) to avoid hemorrhagic cystitis.

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