Direct Thrombin Inhibitor Anticoagulants

Two drugs that are direct inhibitors of thrombin but that do not involve antithrombin III or vitamin K in their mechanism of action have been approved to provide intravenous anticoagulation in patients with he-parin-induced thrombocytopenia. Lepirudin (Refludan) and bivalirudin (Angiomax), which are analogues of the leech peptide anticoagulant hirudin, bind in a 1:1 complex with thrombin to inhibit its protease activity. Argatroban (Acova, Novastan), a synthetic analogue of arginine, interacts reversibly with and inhibits throm-bin's catalytic site. Both drugs have a short half-life. Lipuridin is cleared following metabolism and urinary excretion of changed and unchanged drug; hepatic metabolism of argatroban is a therapeutic advantage in patients with renal insufficiency. No antagonists for these drugs are available.

Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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