Propranolol is indicated in the management of a variety of cardiac rhythm abnormalities that are totally or partially due to enhanced adrenergic stimulation. In selected cases of sinus tachycardia caused by anxiety, pheochromocytoma, or thyrotoxicosis, p-blockade will reduce the spontaneous heart rate.
Propranolol alone or in conjunction with digitalis can help control the ventricular rate in patients with atrial flutter or atrial fibrillation. Patients with supraventricular extrasystoles and intermittent paroxysms of atrial fibrillation may benefit from p-receptor blockade with propranolol.
The arrhythmias associated with halothane or cyclopropane anesthesia have been attributed to the interaction of the anesthetic with catecholamines, and they have been suppressed by IV administration of 1 to 3 mg propranolol. An increase in circulating catecholamines also has been observed in patients with acute myo-cardial infarction and has been correlated with the development of arrhythmias.
Clinically, tachyarrhythmias associated with digitalis excess (including supraventricular and ventricular extrasystoles) and ventricular tachycardia have been suppressed by propranolol. Although propranolol is highly effective in the treatment of digitalis-induced arrhythmias, phenytoin and lidocaine are preferred.
Long-term treatment with p-adrenoceptor blocking agents is clearly associated with an increased rate of
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With all the stresses and strains of modern living, panic attacks are become a common problem for many people. Panic attacks occur when the pressure we are living under starts to creep up and overwhelm us. Often it's a result of running on the treadmill of life and forgetting to watch the signs and symptoms of the effects of excessive stress on our bodies. Thankfully panic attacks are very treatable. Often it is just a matter of learning to recognize the symptoms and learn simple but effective techniques that help you release yourself from the crippling effects a panic attack can bring.