Benzodiazepines also possess muscle relaxant activity. Their pharmacology is discussed in Chapter 30. Diazepam (Valium) has been used for control of flexor and extensor spasms, spinal spasticity, and multiple sclerosis. The muscle relaxant effect of the benzodiazepines may be mediated by an action on the primary afferents in the spinal cord, resulting in an increased level of presynaptic inhibition of muscle tone. Polysynaptic reflexes are inhibited. The most troublesome side effect is drowsiness, which is dose dependent. Tolerance to both the therapeutic effects and the side effects develops.

Free Yourself from Panic Attacks

Free Yourself from Panic Attacks

With all the stresses and strains of modern living, panic attacks are become a common problem for many people. Panic attacks occur when the pressure we are living under starts to creep up and overwhelm us. Often it's a result of running on the treadmill of life and forgetting to watch the signs and symptoms of the effects of excessive stress on our bodies. Thankfully panic attacks are very treatable. Often it is just a matter of learning to recognize the symptoms and learn simple but effective techniques that help you release yourself from the crippling effects a panic attack can bring.

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