Antitussive Effects

The opioids block cough by a mechanism that is not yet understood. No stereoselectivity of the opioids for blockade of the cough reflex has been shown. Thus, the isomers of opioids, such as dextrorphan, are as efficacious as the l-isomers as antitussives. This lack of stere-oselectivity prompted the development of the d-isomers of opioids as antitussives since they are devoid of the dependence liability of L-isomers. Drugs with predominantly antitussive effects are described later in this chapter. Certain of the opioids, such as propoxyphene and meperidine, are relatively devoid of antitussive effects.

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Blood Pressure Health

Blood Pressure Health

Your heart pumps blood throughout your body using a network of tubing called arteries and capillaries which return the blood back to your heart via your veins. Blood pressure is the force of the blood pushing against the walls of your arteries as your heart beats.Learn more...

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