1. B. The young man's anxiety is probably caused by the stress induced by a full college curriculum along with working 25 hours per week. A benzodiazepine antianxiety agent would help relieve his symptoms.
2. C. Zolpidem is effective at relieving sleep-onset insomnia. The other agents listed could also induce sleep, although each would be expected to produce more disruption of sleep rhythm than would zolpi-dem.
3. C. Midazolam, like all benzodiazepines given in sufficient dose, has the capacity to produce anterograde amnesia. It is also available in an injectable form and frequently is used as an anesthetic agent during short procedures.
4. B. Chlordiazepoxide, through its metabolites, has a relatively long biological half-life. It will prevent many of the severe symptoms of acute alcohol withdrawal. Buspirone is not a sedative and will not suppress alcohol withdrawal. The other agents have sedative properties and could potentially suppress alcohol withdrawal but each has a much shorter biological half-life than chlordiazepoxide.
5. D. As a (3-adrenoceptor blocker, propranolol can relieve many of the symptoms of stage fright. For this use it can be taken once a few hours before the performance. Chronic dosing is usually not necessary. The other agents produce sedation.
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This guide Don't Panic has tips and additional information on what you should do when you are experiencing an anxiety or panic attack. With so much going on in the world today with taking care of your family, working full time, dealing with office politics and other things, you could experience a serious meltdown. All of these things could at one point cause you to stress out and snap.