Absorption Distribution Metabolism and Excretion

Although itraconazole and fluconazole are both tria-zoles, they are chemically and pharmacologically distinct. Itraconazole (Sporanox) is lipophilic and water insoluble and requires a low gastric pH for absorption. Oral bioavailability is variable, only 50 to 60% when taken with food and 20% or less when the drug is taken on an empty stomach. Itraconazole is highly protein bound (99%) and is metabolized in the liver and excreted into the bile. With initial dosing, the plasma halflife is 15 to 20 hours; steady-state serum concentrations are reached only after 2 weeks of therapy, when the half-life is extended to 30 to 35 hours. In lipophilic tissues, drug concentration is 2 to 20 times that found in serum. Drug does not appear in significant quantities in the urine and cannot be measured in spinal fluid.

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

10 Ways To Fight Off Cancer

Learning About 10 Ways Fight Off Cancer Can Have Amazing Benefits For Your Life The Best Tips On How To Keep This Killer At Bay Discovering that you or a loved one has cancer can be utterly terrifying. All the same, once you comprehend the causes of cancer and learn how to reverse those causes, you or your loved one may have more than a fighting chance of beating out cancer.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment