Simulation Theory And Schizophrenia

Langdon and colleagues (2002) were interested to see whether people with schizophrenia, like autistic individuals, show the co-occurrence of theory-of-mind deficits and poor appreciation of indirect speech. Happ (1993) had earlier investigated first-order and second-order theory of mind and comprehension of metaphors and irony in autism. First-order, in this context, refers to a capacity to infer A believes that x, whereas second-order refers to a capacity to infer A believes that B believes...

Autism And Theory Of Mind

Since the emergence of the theory-of-mind hypothesis of autism over 15 years ago, autistic symptomatology has been considered to be the psychopathological consequence of a lack of appreciation of minds. Autism is an early-onset neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activities and interests (American Psychiatric Association, 1994, p. 68). Two to five...

Theory Of Mind In Schizophrenia

Jokes About Perspective

Schizophrenic individuals demonstrate (1) a poor understanding of false belief and deception in stories, despite being matched to healthy controls on IQ (2) a lack of appreciation of visual jokes when understanding the humor depends upon inferred mental states, despite being able to explain control jokes as well as healthy participants3 (3) a difficulty with sequencing picture-card stories that require inferences of false beliefs in order to determine the logical order of events, despite...