The Resolution of Neurotic Conflict

Horney did not think these neurotic trends could be changed simply by evasion, willpower, rational thinking, or coercion, but she did think they could be changed through psychoanalysis. An analyst might help a patient to discover the roots and conditions that brought that patient's particular personality dimensions into existence. Horney thought that the overall goals of therapy would vary depending on the patient's particular expression of their conflicts. However, she thought that patients must learn to assume responsibility for themselves and feel active and responsible for their decisions and the consequences of those decisions. Patients should also develop an inner independence, which might involve establishing their own hierarchy of values and apply these values to their own lives. Ultimately, patients would come to develop spontaneity of feeling where they would become aware and alive with feeling; they also develop the ability to express these feelings yet have a feeling of voluntary control over them. Finally, Hor-ney proposed that the most comprehensive formulation of a goal of therapy should be wholeheartedness. Horney (1945) wrote:

to be without pretense, to be emotionally sincere, to be able to put the whole of oneself into one's feelings, one's work, one's beliefs. (p. 242)

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