Summary

Women with UR can present in acute or chronic status. A careful history and physical examination will lead clinicians to the possible cause of the UR and, thereby, the appropriate management. In selected cases,use of UDS and cystourethroscopy will help to distinguish cases of UR with a bladder etiology from those of outlet/urethral obstruction.

A collection of conservative and surgical options are available for the management of UR in women. In the majority of the acute cases, a combination of medication, watchful waiting, and ISC will allow the recovery of the bladder function. In a case of chronic retention, the patient's medical, physical, social, and psychological status should be considered when selecting from the available management options that range from minimally invasive choices such as ISC and indwelling catheters to more invasive choices such as urinary diversions or sacral neuromodulation implantations. In all instances, with the variety of available choices, bladder drainage can be achieved successfully with minimal risk to the patient's overall health.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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