References

1. Berghmans LC, Hendriks HJ, DeBie RA, van Waalwijk van Doom ES, Bo K, van Kerrebroeck PE. Conservative treatment of urge urinary incontinence in women: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials. BJU Int 2000;85:254-263.

2. Chancellor MB, Leng W. The mechanism of action of sacral nerve stimulation in the treatment of detrusor overactivity and urinary retention. In: Jonas U, Grunewald V, eds. New Perspectives in Sacral Nerve Stimulation for Control of Lower Urinary Tract Dysfunction. London: Martin Dunitz; 2002.

3. Medtronic Inc. medical technology company official company Web site. Available at: http://www.medtronic.com. Accessed May 6, 2004.

4. Chai TC, Mamo GJ. Modified techniques of S3 foramen localization and lead implantation in S3 neuromodulation. Urology 2001;58:786-790.

5. Siegel SW, Catanzaro F, Dijkema HE, et al. Long-term results of a multicenter study on sacral nerve stimulation for treatment of urinary urge incontinence, urgency-frequency and retention. Urology 2000; 56(S1):87-91.

6. Jonas U, Fowler CJ, Chancellor MB, et al. Efficacy of sacral nerve stimulation for urinary retention: Results 18 months after implantation. J Urol 2001;165:15-19.

7. Maher CF, Carey MP, Dwyer PL, Schluter PL. Percutaneous sacral nerve root neuromodulation for intractable interstitial cystitis. J Urol 2001;165:884-886.

8. Ganio E, Luc AR, Clerico G, Trompetto M. Sacral nerve stimulation for treatment of fecal incontinence. Dis Colon Rectum 2001;44: 619-631.

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