References

1. Vancaillie TG, Schuessler W. Laparoscopic bladderneck suspension. J Laparoendosc Surg 1991;1:169-173.

2. Ward K, Hilton P. Prospective multicentre randomized trial of tension-free vaginal tape and colposuspension as primary treatment for stress incontinence. BMJ 2002;325:67-70.

3. Paraiso MF, Falcone T. Laparoscopic treatment of incontinence and prolapse. In: Walters MD, Karram MM, eds. Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery. 2nd ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 1999: 197-209.

4. Whiteside J, Barber MD, Walters MD, Falcone T. Anatomy of ilioin-guinal and iliohypogastric nerves in relation to trocar placement and low transverse incisions. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2003; 189(6): 1574-1578.

5. Moehrer B, Carey M,Wilson D. Laparoscopic colposuspension: a systematic review. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 2003;110:230-235.

6. Burton G. A three year prospective randomized urodynamics study comparing open and laparoscopic colposuspension [abstract]. Neu-rourol Urodyn 1997;16:353-354.

7. Carey M, Rosamilia A, Maher C, et al. Laparoscopic versus open col-posuspension: a prospective multicentre randomized single-blind trial. Neurourol Urodyn 2000;19:389-391. Abstract 8.

8. Fatthy H, El Hao M, Samaha I, Abdallah K. Modified Burch col-posuspension: laparoscopy vs laparotomy. J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc 2001;8:99-106.

9. Su TH, Wang KG, Hsu CY, Wei HJ, Hong BK. Prospective comparison of laparoscopic and traditional colposuspensions in the treatment of genuine stress incontinence. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 1997;76:576-582.

10. Summitt Rl, Lucente VL, Karram MM, Shull BL, Bent AE. Randomised comparison of laparoscopic and transabdominal Burch urethropexy for the treatment of genuine stress incontinence [abstract]. Obstet Gynecol 2000;95(4 suppl 1):S2.

11. Persson J, Wollner-Hanssen P. Laparoscopic Burch colposuspension for stress urinary incontinence: a randomized comparison of one or two sutures on each side of the urethra. Obstet Gynecol 2000;95: 151-155.

12. Ross J. Two techniques of laparoscopic Burch repair for stress incontinence: a prospective randomized study. J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc 1996;3:351-357.

13. Wallweiner D, Grischke EM, Rimbach S, Maleika A, Bastert G. Endoscopic retropubic colposuspension: "Retziusscopy" versus laparoscopy—a reasonable enlargement of the operative spectrum in the management of recurrent stress incontinence? Endosc Surg Allied Technol 1995;3:115-118.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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