References

1. Vancaillie TG, Schuessler W. Laparoscopic bladderneck suspension. J Laparoendosc Surg 1991;1:169-173.

2. Ward K, Hilton P. Prospective multicentre randomized trial of tension-free vaginal tape and colposuspension as primary treatment for stress incontinence. BMJ 2002;325:67-70.

3. Paraiso MF, Falcone T. Laparoscopic treatment of incontinence and prolapse. In: Walters MD, Karram MM, eds. Urogynecology and Reconstructive Pelvic Surgery. 2nd ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 1999: 197-209.

4. Whiteside J, Barber MD, Walters MD, Falcone T. Anatomy of ilioin-guinal and iliohypogastric nerves in relation to trocar placement and low transverse incisions. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2003; 189(6): 1574-1578.

5. Moehrer B, Carey M,Wilson D. Laparoscopic colposuspension: a systematic review. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 2003;110:230-235.

6. Burton G. A three year prospective randomized urodynamics study comparing open and laparoscopic colposuspension [abstract]. Neu-rourol Urodyn 1997;16:353-354.

7. Carey M, Rosamilia A, Maher C, et al. Laparoscopic versus open col-posuspension: a prospective multicentre randomized single-blind trial. Neurourol Urodyn 2000;19:389-391. Abstract 8.

8. Fatthy H, El Hao M, Samaha I, Abdallah K. Modified Burch col-posuspension: laparoscopy vs laparotomy. J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc 2001;8:99-106.

9. Su TH, Wang KG, Hsu CY, Wei HJ, Hong BK. Prospective comparison of laparoscopic and traditional colposuspensions in the treatment of genuine stress incontinence. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 1997;76:576-582.

10. Summitt Rl, Lucente VL, Karram MM, Shull BL, Bent AE. Randomised comparison of laparoscopic and transabdominal Burch urethropexy for the treatment of genuine stress incontinence [abstract]. Obstet Gynecol 2000;95(4 suppl 1):S2.

11. Persson J, Wollner-Hanssen P. Laparoscopic Burch colposuspension for stress urinary incontinence: a randomized comparison of one or two sutures on each side of the urethra. Obstet Gynecol 2000;95: 151-155.

12. Ross J. Two techniques of laparoscopic Burch repair for stress incontinence: a prospective randomized study. J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc 1996;3:351-357.

13. Wallweiner D, Grischke EM, Rimbach S, Maleika A, Bastert G. Endoscopic retropubic colposuspension: "Retziusscopy" versus laparoscopy—a reasonable enlargement of the operative spectrum in the management of recurrent stress incontinence? Endosc Surg Allied Technol 1995;3:115-118.

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