Potassium Sensitivity Test

The potassium sensitivity (KCl) test was developed by Parsons et al.12,15 as a method to diagnose IC. This test is based on the assertion that bladder epithelium is leaky in IC patients. Potassium in the urine crosses the urothelium to the submucosa and muscle layer, causing sensory nerve irritation and inflammation. The IC committee in 2003 did not recommend KCl test because neither high sensitivity nor specificity has been established,2 and at our institution, KCl test is also not routinely used in evaluation of IC patients.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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