Medical History

The type of anti-incontinence procedure, material used, and the temporal relationship between the procedure and the development of lower urinary tract symptoms should be identified from the patient's history. Women with BOO present with a variety of urinary symptoms. As a reaction to the obstructive mechanism, the detrusor muscle can become overactive and unstable, resulting in frequency, urgency, and urge incontinence, or even progress to the phase of detrusor decompensation heralded by urinary retention and recurrent urinary tract infections or overflow incontinence.

We evaluated 15 patients with obstructive symptoms after sling procedures who were referred to the incontinence center at Cleveland Clinic Florida.6 Fourteen of the patients (93%) presented with irritative symptoms of urgency and frequency. Twelve patients (80%) presented with urine retention (complete and incomplete) and increased postvoid residual volume. Eight patients (53%) had urge incontinence, and four (27%) presented with recurrent urinary tract infections. Pain (suprapubic or during micturition) or dysuria and poor urine stream were also reported, but at a lower rate than irritative symptoms and retention.

Herbal Remedies For Acid Reflux

Herbal Remedies For Acid Reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux disease is the medical term for what we know as acid reflux. Acid reflux occurs when the stomach releases its liquid back into the esophagus, causing inflammation and damage to the esophageal lining. The regurgitated acid most often consists of a few compoundsbr acid, bile, and pepsin.

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