Interstitial Cystitis Painful Bladder Syndrome

Gamal M. Ghoniem and Usama M. Khater

Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a chronic, debilitating disease of the urinary bladder characterized by urinary frequency, nocturia, urgency, and frequently pain. It affects more females than males by a ratio of approximately 10:1.' Recently, the International Continence Society has developed a somewhat broader term for IC described as "IC-painful bladder syndrome." This new term is defined as the complaint of suprapubic pain related to bladder filling, and is accompanied by other symptoms, such as increased daytime and nighttime frequency in the absence of proven urinary infection or other obvious pathology.2 The true prevalence of IC is not determined and it may be underestimated. In 1997, Jones and Nyberg3 estimated that up to one million patients had IC, many of them unable to cope with day-to-day activities. In Finland, Oravisto4 estimated the incidence as 18.6 out of 100000 in 1975. Another Finnish study in 2002 used a wider definition and found 450 out of 100000 had IC.5 There is little international agreement on the epidemiology of IC; it varies as the diagnostic tools vary.

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Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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