Internal Sphincter

Sympathetic innervation is derived from the hypogastric and pelvic plexus. Parasympathetic innervation is from sacral roots 1-3 via the pelvic plexus. Sympathetic tone is believed to be excitatory, but it is unclear if parasympa-thetic is inhibitory or excitatory.

mesenteric artery. The inferior hemorrhoidal artery is a branch of the pudendal artery, which in turn is a branch from the internal iliac artery. The inferior hemorrhoidal artery, after branching off the pudendal, crosses the ischiorectal fossa and goes through the EAS to enter the submucosa of the anal canal and ascend in this plane. The middle hemorrhoidal artery may or may not be present depending on the size of the superior hemor-rhoidal artery. It originates from the internal iliac or proximal pudendal and goes anterolateral at the level of the levators. It can be injured at this level when dissecting the upper vagina from the rectum.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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