Sacral neuromodulation is indicated in urgency frequency, urge incontinence, mixed incontinence with a significant urge component, and unobstructed urinary retention. More recently, it is indicated for interstitial cystitis. The work-up includes a complete history and physical examination, urinalysis, urine culture, cytology, and voiding diary. Cystoscopy, urodynamics, and upper tract imaging are performed as indicated. These diagnostics serve three purposes: 1) to identify an underlying disorder that should be treated by other means (calculus or carcinoma in situ), 2) to clarify the etiology of the lower urinary tract dysfunction, and 3) to serve as a baseline for later comparison.

Herbal Remedies For Acid Reflux

Herbal Remedies For Acid Reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux disease is the medical term for what we know as acid reflux. Acid reflux occurs when the stomach releases its liquid back into the esophagus, causing inflammation and damage to the esophageal lining. The regurgitated acid most often consists of a few compoundsbr acid, bile, and pepsin.

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