Diagnosis

Urine extravasation in the field denotes lower urinary tract injury, and localization of the site becomes imperative. Injection of methylene blue through a feeding tube inserted into the urethral meatus, next to the urethral catheter, will show the site of injury. Urethroscopy will help to diagnose and test the integrity of the repair. Unrecognized injuries may have different presentations postopera-tively. Fistula formation is the most common presentation. A retrograde urethrogram and, if possible, a voiding cys-tourethrogram will show the site and the extent of injury (complete vs incomplete). Intravenous pyelogram with a voiding film should be obtained. Urine analysis and culture should be obtained.

Herbal Remedies For Acid Reflux

Herbal Remedies For Acid Reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux disease is the medical term for what we know as acid reflux. Acid reflux occurs when the stomach releases its liquid back into the esophagus, causing inflammation and damage to the esophageal lining. The regurgitated acid most often consists of a few compoundsbr acid, bile, and pepsin.

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