Cystography

Lateral phase cystography is still used quite often because it allows for a static view of the bladder and bladder outlet in relation to the remainder of the bony pelvis. Voiding cystourethrography is mainly used for demonstrating a cystocele, evaluating bladder neck hypermobility, and demonstrating an open bladder neck at rest (sphincteric incompetence). Dynamic lateral fluoroscopy at rest and during straining is an important adjunct to the urody-namic evaluation - useful for demonstrating the presence of, and degree of, urethrovesical hypermobility and cysto-cele formation. Although the radiographic findings do not always correlate well with urodynamic findings, in some patients, especially the incontinent ones, cystographic demonstration of an open bladder neck makes the diagnosis of sphincteric incompetence or intrinsic sphincter deficiency more certain. Other pathologic conditions that may be detected by voiding cystourethrography include vesicoureteral reflux, vesicovaginal fistula, and urethral diverticula, which further substantiates its utility.

Constipation Prescription

Constipation Prescription

Did you ever think feeling angry and irritable could be a symptom of constipation? A horrible fullness and pressing sharp pains against the bladders can’t help but affect your mood. Sometimes you just want everyone to leave you alone and sleep to escape the pain. It is virtually impossible to be constipated and keep a sunny disposition. Follow the steps in this guide to alleviate constipation and lead a happier healthy life.

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