Bacillus Calmette Guerin

Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is an attenuated strain of Mycobacterium bovis. Bacillus Calmette-Guerin can provide a 60% improvement rate compared with 27% with placebo.51 The mechanism of action is unclear, but it is suggested that BCG may stimulate type 1 T helper cell response, leading to a decrease in inflammatory cells and decreased type 2 T helper cell-mediated allergic response. Nitric oxide levels are found decreased in IC patients and increases are found with symptom improvement. Bacillus Calmette-Guerin seems to increase urinary nitric oxide level in bladder cancer patients. In oncology literature, BCG adverse effects may include irritative voiding symptoms, gross hematuria, and development of bladder inflammatory granuloma.

Herbal Remedies For Acid Reflux

Herbal Remedies For Acid Reflux

Gastroesophageal reflux disease is the medical term for what we know as acid reflux. Acid reflux occurs when the stomach releases its liquid back into the esophagus, causing inflammation and damage to the esophageal lining. The regurgitated acid most often consists of a few compoundsbr acid, bile, and pepsin.

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