Taxonomy

The taxonomic position of Acanthamoeba has been subjected to various changes over the years. Due to nomenclatural difficulties, the isolated organisms were earlier classified as Hartmannella. In the recently updated systematics both genera are separated at the level of suborders (Page 1988). The genus Acanthamoeba today contains approximately 20 species. Classification of new isolates at the species level requires morphological and molecular measures (Pussard and Pons 1977; Gast et al. 1996).

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