References

Badley, J. E., Grieve, R. B., Bowman, D. D., Glickman, L. T. and Rockey, J. H. (1987). Analysis of Toxocara canis larval excretory-secretory antigens: physico-chemical characterization and antibody recognition. Journal of Parasitology, 73, 593-600.

Bajoriniene, D. and Balkjawiczius, B. (1988). The problem of toxocarosis in Lithuania. Wiadomosci Parazytologiczne, 34, 233-238.

Bass, J. L., Mehta, K. A. Glickman, L. T. and Eppes, B. M. (1983). Clinically inapparent Toxocara infection in children. New England Journal of Medicine, 308, 723-724. Beaver, P. C., Snyder, C. H., Caerrera, G. M., Dent, J. H. and Lafferty, J. N. (1952). Chronic eosinophilia due to visceral larva migrans. Pediatrics, 9,7-19.

Black, M. I., Scarpino, P. V., O'Donnell, C. J., Meyer, K. B., Jones, J. V. and Kaneshiro, E. S. (1982). Survival rates of parasite eggs in sludge during aerobic and anaerobic digestion. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 44, 1138-1143.

Bouchet, F., Boulard, Y., Baccam, D. and Leger, N. (1986). Ultrastructural studies of alterations induced by microwaves in Toxocara canis eggs: prophylactic interest. Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde, 72, 755-764.

Bowman, D. D., Mika-Grieve, M. and Grieve, R. B. (1987). Circulating excretory-secretory antigen levels and specific antibody responses in mice infected with Toxocara canis. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 36,75-82.

Carlson, M. G., Grabell, I., Lindahl, L. and Tonell, U. (1979). Toxocariosis - a neglected diagnosis.

Läkartidningen, 76, 2691-2692.

Christensson, D. (1983). Toxocara and related ascarid roundworms in some Swedish animals -

occurrence and prevention. In: Proceedings of the XI Symposium of the Scandinavian Society for

Parasitology. Information, 17,pp.14-15, Äbo Akademi, Finland.

Christensson, D. (1988). High-latitude Toxocara. Parasitology Today, 4, 322.

de Savigny, D. H. (1975). In vitro maintenance of Toxocara canis larvae and a simple method for the production of Toxocara ES antigens for use in serodiagnostic tests for visceral larava migrans.

Journal of Parasitology, 61, 781-782.

de Savigny, D. H., Voller, A. and Woodruff, A. W. (1979). Toxocariasis: serological diagnosis by enzyme immunoassay. Journal of Clinical Pathology, 32, 283-288.

Del Prete, G. F., De Carli, M., Almerigogna, F., Daniel, C. K., D'Elios, M. M., Zancuoghi, G. et al. (1995). Preferential expression of CD30 by human CD4+ T cells producing Th2-type cytokines.

FASEB Journal, 9,81-86.

Page 192

Del Prete, G. F., De Carli, M., Mastromauro, C., Biagiotti, R., Macchia, D., Falagiani, P. et al. (1991). Purified protein derivative of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and excretory-secretory antigen(s) of Toxocara canis expand in vitro human T cells with stable and opposite (type 1 T helper or type 2 T helper) profiles of cytokine production. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 88, 346-350. Eaton, R. D. and Secord, D. C. (1979). Some intestinal parasites of Arctic fox, Banks Island, N.W.T. Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine, 43, 223-230.

Espana, A., Serna, M. J., Rubio, M., Redondo, P. and Quintanilla, E. (1993). Secondary urticaria due to toxocariasis: possibly caused by ingesting raw cattle meat? Journal of Investigational Allergology and Clinical Immunology, 3, 51-52.

Fanning, M., Hill, A., Langer, H. M. and Keystone, J. S. (1981). Visceral larva migrans (toxocariasis) in Toronto. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 124, 21-26.

Ghadirian, E., Viens, P., Strykowsik, H. and Dubreuil, F. (1976). Epidemiology of toxocariasis in the Montreal area. Prevalence of Toxocara and other helminth ova in dogs and soil. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 67, 495-498.

Gillespie, S. H., Dinning W. J., Voller, A. and Crowcroft, N. S. (1993). The spectrum of ocular toxocariasis. Eye, 7, 415-418.

Glickman, L. T., Schantz, P. M. and Grieve, R. B. (1986). Toxocariasis. In: Immunodiagnosis of parasitic diseases, K. W. Walls and P. M. Schantz (eds) . New York, Academic Press, pp. 201-231. Glickman, L. T. et al. (1987). Visceral larva migrans in French adults: a new disease syndrome?

American Journal of Epidemiology, 125, 1019-1034.

Hill, I. R., Denham, D. A. and Scholtz, C. L. (1985). Toxocara canis larvae in the brain of a British child. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 79, 351-354. Jung, R. C. and Pacheco, G. (1958). The use of intradermal and indirect haemagglutination tests for the diagnosis of visceral larva migrans. Proceedings of the 6th International Congress of Tropical Medicine and Malaria, 2, 5-13.

Kennedy, M. W., Qureshi, F., Fraser, E. M., Haswell-Elkins, M. R., Qureshi, F. and Smith, H. V. (1989). Antigenic relationships bettween the surface-exposed, secreted and somatic materials of the nematode parasites Ascaris lumbricoides, Ascaris suum, and Toxocara canis. Clinical and Experimental Immunlogy, 75, 493-500.

Ljungstrom, I. and van Knapen, F. (1989). An epidemiological and serological study of Toxocara infection in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, 21, 87-93. Lloyd, S. (1998). Toxocarosis. In: Zoonoses, S. R. Palmer, E. J. L. Soulsby and D. I. H. Simpson (eds). Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 841-854.

Loukas, A., Selzer, P. M. and Maizel, R. M. (1998). Characterisation of Tc-CPL-1, a cathepsin L-like cysteine protease from Toxocara canis infective larvae. Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, 92, 275-289.

Lund-Tonnesen, S. (1996). Visceral larva migrans. An unusual cause of eosinophilia in adults.

Tidsskrift for Den Norske Lwgeforening, 116, 2660-2661.

Lynch, N. R., Wilkes, L. K., Hodgen, A. N. and Turner, K. J. (1988). Specificity of Toxocara ELISA in tropical populations. Parasite Immunology, 10, 323-337.

Magnaval, J. F., Galindo, V., Glickman, L. T. and Clanet, M. (1997). Human Toxocara infection of the central nervous system and neurological disorders - a case-control study. Parasitology, 115, 537543.

Maizels, R. M., Gems, D. H. and Page, A. P. (1993). Synthesis and secretion of TES antigens from Toxocara canis infective larvae. In: Toxocara and Toxocariasis: clinical, epidemiological and molecular perspectives, J. W. Lewis, and R. M. Maizels (eds). The Institute of Biology and British Society of Parasitology, London, pp.141-150.

Maizels, R. M., Kennedy, M. W., Meghji, M., Robertson, B. D. and Smith, H. V. (1987). Shared carbohydrate epitopes on distinct surface and secreted antigens of the parasitic nematode Toxocara canis. Journal of Immunology, 139, 207-214.

Maizels, R. M. and Robertson, B. D. (1991). Toxocara canis: secreted glycoconjugate antigens in immunobiology and immunodiagnosis. In: Parasitic nematodes - antigens, membranes and genes M. W. Kennedy (eds). Taylor and Francis Ltd, London, pp. 95-115.

Page 193

Malloy, W. F. and Embil, J. A. (1978). Prevalence of Toxocara spp. and other parasites in dogs and cats in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Canadian Journal of Comparative Medicine, 42, 29-31. Meghji, M. and Maizels, R. M. (1986). Biochemical properties of larval excretory-secretory glycoproteins of the parasitic nematode Toxocara canis. Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, 18, 155-170.

Nagakura, K., Tachibana, H., Kaneda, Y. and Kato, Y. (1989). Toxocariasis possibly caused by ingesting raw chicken. Journal of Infectious diseases, 160, 735-736.

Nathwani, D., Laing, R. B. and Currie, P. F. (1992). Covert toxocariasis - a cause of recurrent abdominal pain in childhood. British Journal of Clinical Practice, 46, 271.

Nelson, J., Frost, J. L. and Schochet, S. S. Jr. (1990). Unsuspected cerebral Toxocara infection in a fire victim. Clinical Neuropathology, 9, 106-108.

Nicholas, W. L., Stewart, A. C. and Walker J. C. (1986). Toxocariasis; a serological survey of blood donors in the Australian Capital Territory together with observations on the risks of infection. Transaction of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 80, 217-221. Nichols, R. L. (1956). The etiology of visceral larava migrans. I. Diagnostic morphology of infective second-stage Toxocara larvae. Journal of Parasitology, 42, 349-362.

O'Donnell, C. J., Meyer, K. B., Jones, J. V. Benton, T. Kaneshiro, E. S. Nichols, J. S. et al. (1984). Survival of parasite eggs upon storage in sludge. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 48, 618625.

Ooi, H. K., Lin, C. L. and Wang, J. S. (1998). Effect of ozone treatment on Toxocara canis eggs. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 60, 169-173.

Page, A. P., Hamilton, A. J. and Maizels, R. M. (1992). Toxocara canis: monoclonal antibodies to carbohydrate epitopes of secreted (TES) antigens localize to different secretion-related structures in infective larvae. Experimental Parasitology, 75, 56-71.

Parson, J. C., Bowman, D. D. and Grieve, R. B. (1986). Tissue localization of excretory-secretory antigens of larval Toxocara canis in acute and chronic murine toxocariasis. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 35, 974-981.

Parsons, J. C. and Grieve, R. B. (1990). Kinetics of liver trapping of infective larvae in murine toxocariasis. Journal of Parasitology, 76, 529-536.

Parsons, J. C., Coffman, R. L. and Grieve, R. B. (1993). Antibody to interleukin 5 prevents blood and tissue eosinophilia but not liver trapping in murine larval toxocariasis. Parasite Immunology, 15, 501508.

Perlingiero, J. and Gyorgy, P. (1947). Chronic eosinophilia: report of a case with necrosis of the liver, pulmonary infiltrations, anemia and ascaris infestation. American Journal of Diseases in Children, 73, 34-43.

Romeu, J., Roig. J., Bada, J. L., Riera, C. and Muñoz, C. (1991). Adult human toxocariasis acquired by eating raw snails. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 164, 438.

Salem, G. and Schantz, P. (1992). Toxocaral visceral larva migrans after infection of raw lamb liver.

Clinical Infectious Diseases, 15, 743-744.

Shields, J. A. (1984). Ocular toxocariasis. A review. Survey of Ophthalmology, 28, 361-381.

Shields, J. A., Parson, H. M., Shields, C. L. and Shah, P. (1991). Lesions simulating retinoblastoma.

Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 28, 338-340.

Smith, H. V. (1991). Immune evasion and immunopathology in Toxocara canis infection. In: Parasitic Nematodes - Antigens, Membranes and Genes, M. W. Kennedy (eds). Taylor and Francis Ltd, London, pp. 116-139.

Smith, H. V. (1993). Antibody reactivity in human toxocariasis. In: Toxocara and Toxocariasis: Clinical, epidemiological and molecular perspectives, J. W. Lewis and R. M. Maizels (eds), The Institute of Biology and British Society of Parasitology, London, pp. 91-109. Strüchler, D., Weiss, N. and Grassner, M. (1990). Transmission of toxocariasis. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 162, 571-572.

Sugane, K. and Oshima, T (1983a). Purification and characterization of excretory and secretory antigen of Toxocara canis larvae. Immunology, 50, 113-120.

Sugane, K. and Oshima, T (1983b). Activation of complement in C-reactive protein positive sera by phosphorylcholine bearing component isolated from parasite extract. Parasite Immunology, 5, 385395.

Taylor, M. R., Keane, C. T., O'Connor, P., Girdwood, R. W. and Smith, H. (1987). Clinical features of covert toxocariasis. Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, 19, 693-696. Taylor, M. R., Keane, C. T., O'Connor, P., Mulvihill, E. and Holland, C. (1988). The expanded spectrum of toxocaral disease. Lancet, 1, 692-695.

Tharaldsen, J. (1983). On the prevalence of Toxocara in Norway. In: Proceedings of the XI Symposium of the Scandinavian Society for Parasitology. Information , 17, pp.12-13, Äbo Akademi, Finland.

Wilder, H. C. (1950). Nematode endophthalmitis. Transaction of American Academy of Ophthalmololoy and Otolaryngology, 55, 99-104.

Willingham, A. L., Ockens, N. W:, Kapel, C. M. and Monrad, J. (1996). A helmintho-logical survey of wild red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) from the metropolitan area of Copenhagen. Journal of Helminthology, 70, 259-263.

Was this article helpful?

0 0

Post a comment