References

Asburn, D. (1992). General epidemiology. In: Human toxoplasmosis (D. O. Ho-Yen and A. W. L. Joss, eds). Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 15-19.

Beverly, J. K. A., Fleck, D. G., Kwantyes, W., and Ludlamd, G. B. (1976). Age-sex distribution of various diseases with particular reference to toxoplasmic lymphadenopathy. J. Hyg., 76, 215-228. Dubey, J. P. (2000). The scientific basis for prevention of Toxoplasma gondii infection studies on tissue cysts survival, risk factors and hygienic measures. Congenital Toxaplasmosis, 271-275. Evengard, B., Forsgren, M., and Uggla, A. (1997). Toxoplasmos. Lwkartidningen, 36, 3249-3253. Evengard, B., Petersson, K., Engman, M. L. et al. (2001). Low incidence of Toxoplasma during pregnancy in new-borns in Sweden. Epidemiol. Infect., 172, 121-127.

Frenkel, J. K. (2000). Biology of Toxoplasma gondii. In: Congenital toxoplasmosis (P. Ambroise-Thomas and E. Petersen, eds). Springer-Verlag, France, pp. 237-249.

Frenkel, J. K. and Dubey, J. P. (1972). Toxoplasmosis and its prevention in cats and man. J. Infect. Dis., 126, 664-673.

Forsgren, M., Gille, E., Ljungstrom I., et al. (1991). Toxoplasma antibodies in pregnant women in Stockholm in 1969, 1979 and 1987. Lancet, 337, 1431-14.

Gilbert, R. (2000). Epidemiology of infection in pregnant women. In: Congenital toxoplasmosis (P. Ambroise-Thomas and E. Petersen, eds). Springer-Verlag, France, pp. 237-249. Jeanell, D., Costagliola, D., Niel, G. et al. (1990). What is known about prevention of congenital toxoplasmosis. Lancet, 336, 359-361.

Jennum, P. A., Kapperud, G., Stray-Pedersen, B. et al. (1998a). Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii specific immunoglobulin G antibodies among pregnant women in Norway. Epidemiol. Infect., 120, 87-92.

Jennum, P. A., Stray-Pedersen, B., Melby, K. K. et al. (1998b). Incidence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in 35,940 pregnant women in Norway and pregnancy outcome for infected women. J. Clin. Microbiol., 2900-2906.

Jónsdóttir, K. E. and Arnadóttir, T. (1998). M^lingar á mótefnum gegn bogfrymlum i nokkrum hópum Íslendinga. Icelandic Med. J., 74, 255-263.

Kapperud, G., Jennum, P. A., Stray-Pedersen, B. et al. (1996). Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection in pregnancy. Results of a prospective case-control study in Norway. Am. J. Epidemiol., 144, 405-412.

Klapper, P. E. and Morris, D. J. (1990). Screening for viral and protozoal infections in pregnancy. A review. Br. J. Obst. Gynecol., 97, 974-983.

Kotula, A. W., Dubey, J. P., Sharar, A. K. et al. (1991). Effect of freezing on infectivity of Toxoplasma gondii tissue cysts in pork. J. Food Protection, 54, 687-690.

Lappalainen, M. (1995). Toxoplasma infection during pregnancy. A prospective cohort study and a cost-benefit analysis. Thesis, Department of Virology, University of Helsinki, Hakapaino Oy, Helsinki.

Lappalainen, M., Koskela, P., Hedman, K. et al. (1992). Incidence of primary toxoplasma infections during pregnancy in southern Finland: a prospetive cohort study. Scand. J. Infect. Dis., 24, 97-104. Lebech, M., Andersen, O., Christensen, N. C. et al. and the Danish congenital toxoplasmosis study group. (1998). Feasibility of neonatal screening for Toxoplasma infection in the absence of prenatal treatment. Lancet, 353, 1834-1837.

Lebech, M., Larsen, S. O., and Petersen, E. (1993). Prevalence, incidence and geographical distribution of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in pregnant women in Denmark. Scand. J. Infect. Dis., 25(6), 751-756.

Ljungstrom I., Gille, E., Nokes, J. et al. (1995). Seroepidemilology of Toxoplasma gondii among pregnant women in different parts of Sweden. Eur. J. Epidemiol., 11, 149-156.

Lings, S., Lander, F., and Lebech, M. (1994). Antimicrobial antibodies in Danish slaughterhouse workers and greenhouse workers. Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health, 65(6), 405-409. Lunden, A., Carlsson, U., and Naslund, K. (1992). Toxoplasmosis and border disease in 54 Swedish sheep flocks: seroprevalence and incidence during one gestation period. Acta Vet. Scand., 33, 175184.

Lunden, A. and Uggla, A. (1992). Infectivity of Toxoplasma gondii in mutton following curing, smoking, freezing, or microwave cooking. Int. J. Food Microbiol., 15, 357-363. Skjerve, E., Tharaldsen, J., Waldeland, H. et al. (1996). Antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in Norwegian slaughtered sheep, pigs and cattle. Bull. Scand. Soc. Parasitol., 6(1), 11-17. Stray-Pedersen, B. (1993). Toxoplasmosis in pregnancy. In: Infectious diseases. Challenges for the 1990s. (G. L.Gilbert, ed.). Balliere's Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology. Bailliere Tindall, London, vol. 17, pp. 107-137.

Stray-Pedersen, B. and Jennum, P. A. (1992). Current status of toxoplasmosis in pregnancy in Norway. Scand. J. Infect. Dis. (Suppl. 84), 80-83.

Stray-Pedersen, B., Pedersen, J. O., and Omland, A. (1979). Estimation of the incidences of Toxoplasma infections among pregnant women from different areas in Norway. Scand. J. Infect. Dis., 11, 247-252.

Wallace, G. D. (1976). The prevalence of toxoplasmosis on the Pacific islands, and the influence of ethnic group. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg, 25, 48-53.

0 0

Post a comment