Protozoa

Phylum/

Species

Disease

Transmission Distribution

References

subphylum

Ciliata

Balantidium coli

Balantidiasis

Faecal-oral

World-wide

[4, 24, 45]

Mastigophora

Chilomastix mesnili

Uncertain

Faecal-oral

World-wide,

[5, 45]

(flagellates)

more often in warmer climate

Dientamoeba fragilis

Dientamoeba infection Uncertain

World-wide

[4, 51]

Enteromonas hominis

Uncertain

Faecal-oral

World-wide

[45]

Giardia intestinalis

Giardiasis

Faecal-oral

World-wide

[13, 16, 26, 33, 45, 47]

Trichomonas hominis

Uncertain

Faecal-oral

World-wide

[14, 19]

(Pentatrichomonas

hominis)

Trichomonas tenax

Respiratoric infection thoracic abscesses

Uncertain

World-wide

[17, 25]

Trichomonas vaginalis

Trichomoniasis

Sexual

World-wide

[23, 40]

Microspora

Microsporidia spp.

Microsporidiosis

Unknown

World-wide

[9, 50]

Sarcodina

Acanthamoeba spp.

Acanthamoeba

Poor lens

World-wide

[1, 20, 43, 46]

(amoeba)

keratitis

care

Blastocystis hominis

Uncertain

Faecal-oral

World-wide

[4, 45, 52]

Endolimax nana

Non-pathogenic

Faecal-oral

World-wide

[22, 45]

Entamoeba coli

Non-pathogenic

Faecal-oral

World-wide

[4, 27, 45]

Entamoeba dispar

Non-pathogenic

Faecal-oral

World-wide

[12, 21, 49]

Entamoeba gingivalis

Non-pathogenic

Unknown

World-wide

[8, 11, 32]

Entamoeba hartmanni

Non-pathogenic

Faecal-oral

World-wide

[22, 42]

Entamoeba histolytica Amoebiasis, amoebic dysentery, extraintestinal infections

Iodamoeba b├╝tschlii Non-pathogenic

Faecal-oral

World-wide

SporozoaBabesia divergens

Cryptosporidium parvum

Babesiosis

Cryptosporidiosis

Sarcocystis spp. Toxoplasma gondii

Sarcocystosis Toxoplasmosis

Faecal-oral

Tick borne (Ixodes)

Faecal-oral

Oral

Oral, placental, tranplantation

World-wide

Northern Europe, the British isles World-wide

World-wide World-wide

Fungi Pneumocystis carinii Pneumocystis pneumoni

Uncertain

World-wide

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