Infections in transplant patients are predominantly due to pharmacologically impaired innate and adaptive immune responses. Therefore these patients suffer from infections caused by intracellular micro-organisms, while parasitic infections do not pose predominant problems. In the Nordic countries the dominating parasitic infections in transplant patients include toxoplasmosis, a limited number of imported cases of malaria, and some gastrointestinal parasite infection such as cryptosporidiosis.

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