Additional possibly endemic endoparasites

Three other protozoans are probably also endemic in humans in Iceland. However, low prevalence and limited research makes their endemic status uncertain.

In the 1970s and the 1980s Giardia lamblia infections were supposed to occur exclusively in people who had been staying abroad. In recent years, however, the parasite could possibly have become endemic, at least locally. This view is based on the fact that temporarily, restricted local epidemics have been confirmed and that G. lamblia has occasionally been found in humans who have not been abroad. At least three ocular infections caused by Acanthamoeba have been diagnosed in Iceland since 1990 (Olafur Grétar Guômundsson, personal communication).

Dientamoeba fragilis has been detected in an Icelandic child who had never been abroad (Ingibjorg Hilmarsdottir, personal communication).

0 0

Post a comment