Whiplash injury occurs via an acceleration-deceleration energy transfer to the neck.10 It is most often seen in a person involved in rear-end or side-impact MVC. The bone and soft tissue trauma (whiplash injury) in turn may lead to a variety of clinical manifestations (whiplash-associated disorders).
10 Violent flexion that is followed immediately by an extension of the neck.
The visual disturbance may be caused by the sequealae of a direct injury to the cervical or carotid artery, or by an accompanying Purtscher type of trauma (see above).
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