Info

Contusion retinopathy

Purtscher's retinopathy

Purtscher's retinopathy (fat embolism)

Purtscher's retinopathy (traumatic asphyxia)

Valsalva retinopathy

Type of trauma

Directly to the eye

Chest compression, head injury

Fracture of long bones, multiple injuries

Chest compression

Valsalva maneuver

Accompanying systemic picture

None

None

Pulmonary and cerebral signs, petechial hemorrhages

Blue-black discoloration of upper body

None

Onset of systemic picture

None

None

Symptomfree interval for a few days

Immediate

None

Initial vision

Normal to CF

Variable

Normal

Normal to NLP

Normal to CF

Duration of reduced vision

Several days

Several weeks

Several days

Several weeks

Several weeks

Table 3.3.1 (continued) Differential diagnosis of traumatic retinopathy. (Modified after [3])

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