Sleep Apnea And Parasomnias

Parasomnias are undesirable physical events or experiences that occur during entry into sleep, within sleep, or during arousals from sleep (30). These events are manifestations of CNS activation transmitted into skeletal muscle and autonomic nervous system channels. Parasomnias encompass abnormal sleep-related movements, behaviors, emotions, perceptions, dreaming, and autonomic nervous system functioning. Furthermore, "basic drive states" can emerge in pathologic forms as seen with sleep-related aggression and locomotion, SRED, and abnormal sleep-related sexual behaviors. They often involve complex and seemingly purposeful behaviors over which there is no conscious control. Parasomnias are clinical disorders of importance because of the potential for sleep-related injuries.

The parasomnias frequently reported clinically in relation to sleep apnea are: disorders of arousal (107-109), RBD (110-112), and SRED (113-115).

Sleep Apnea

Sleep Apnea

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