References

1. Sassani A, Findley LJ, Kryger M, et al. Reducing motor-vehicle collisions, costs, and fatalities by treating obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep 2004; 27(d):453, 458.

2. Kryger MH, Roth T, Dement WC, eds. Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine. Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Sanders, 1994.

3. Shahar E, Whitney CW, Redline S, et al. Sleep-disordered breathing and cardiovascular disease: cross-sectional results of the Sleep Heart Health Study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2001; 163:19-25.

4. Campos-Rodriguez F, Pena-Grinan N, Reyes-Nunez N, et al. Mortality in obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea patients treated with positive airway pressure. Chest 2005; 128(2):624-633.

5. See, e.g., McCall v. Wilder, 913 S.W.2d 150 (Tenn. 1995).

6. Cornett v. State, W.O. Moss Hospital, 614 So.2d 189 (La. App. 3rd Cir. 1993).

7. Guilleminault C, Eldridge FL, Dement WC. Insomnia with sleep apnea: A new syndrome, Science 1973; 181(102):856-858.

9. Sullivan CE, Issa FG, Berthon-Jones M, Eves L. Reversal of obstructive sleep apnea by continuous positive airway pressure applied through the nares. Lancet 1981; 1(8225): 862-865.

10. Results of a March 10, 2006, Westlaw inquiry of all reported and unreported cases for the mention of "sleep apnea" in any context in any state or federal court.

11. See, e.g., Besaraba v. State, 656 So.2d 441 (Fla. 1995), Edwards v. Edwards, 140 Or. App. 409 (1996).

12. William L. Prosser, Law of Torts, 4th ed, St. Paul: West Publishing Co., 1980:143.

13. William L. Prosser, Law of Torts, 4th ed, St. Paul: West Publishing Co., 1980:324.

14. See, e.g., Cruzan v. Missouri Department of Health, 497 U.S. 261, 110 S.Ct. 2841, 111 L.Ed.2d 224 (1990).

15. Eric L. Schulman, Note, Sleeping with the Enemy: Combatting (sic) the Sexual Spread of HIV-AIDS Through A Heightened Legal Duty, 29 J. MARSHALL L. REV. 957, 971976, 1996.

16. American Law Reports 3d, Liability for Automobile Accident Allegedly Caused by Driver's Blackout, Sudden Unconsciousness, or the Like, Section 2(a), 93 A.L.R. 326 (1979), (updated 2006).

17. American Law Reports 2d, Physical Defect, Illness, Drowsiness, or Falling Asleep of Motor Vehicle Operator as Affecting Liability for Injury, Section 3, 28 A.L.R.2d 12 (1953), (updated 2006).

18. Bushnell v. Bushnell, 103 Conn. 583, 131 A. 432 (1925).

19. Bushnell v. Bushnell, 103 Conn. 583, 591, 131 A. 432 (1925).

20. See, e.g., Estate of Embry v. GEO Transportation of Indiana, Inc., 395 F. Supp 2d 516 (E.D. Ky 2005), McCall v. Wilder, 913 S.W.2d 150 (Tenn. 1995).

21. McCall v. Wilder, 913 S.W.2d 150,155 (Tenn. 1995).

22. See, Malcolm v. Patrick, 147 So.2d 188 (Fla.Ct.App. 1962); accord Eleason v. Western Cas. & Sur. Co., 254 Wis. 134, 35 N.W.2d 301 (1948).

23. Howle v. PYA/Monarch, Inc., 288 S.C. App. 586, 344 S.E. 2d 157 (1986).

24. Testimony of Darrell Drobnich before the House Subcommittee on Highways and Transit, Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, 4, June 27, 2002, http: / /www.house.gov/transportation/highway/06-27-02/drobnich.html, (accessed March 2006).

25. Chapter 143, 2003 New Jersey Public Laws.

27. See, e.g., Robinson v. Bleicher, 251 Neb. 752, 559 N.W.2d 473 (1997).

28. See, e.g., Gooden v. Tips, 651 S.W.2d 364 (Tex. App. 1983) (as to physician's failure to warn a patient not to drive while under the influence of a prescribed drug).

29. See, e.g., U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, "Strategies for Medical Advisory Boards and Licensing Review," DOT HS 809 874 (July 2005), available at http://www.nhtsa.dot.gov/people/injury/ research/MedicalAdvisory/index.html, (accessed March 2006).

30. See, e.g., Gooden v. Tips, 651 S.W.2d 364 (Tex. App. 1983).

31. Kelly v. Middle Tennessee Emergency Physicians, P.C., 133 S.W.3d 587, 592 (Tenn. 2004).

32. Kelly v. Middle Tennessee Emergency Physicians, P.C., 133 S.W.3d 587, 593 (Tenn. 2004).

33. Dougherty v. Gifford, 826 S.W.2d 668 (Tex. App. 1992).

34. Dougherty v. Gifford, 826 S.W.2d 668, 672 (Tex. App. 1992).

35. Dougherty v. Gifford, 826 S.W.2d 668, 674 (Tex. App. 1992).

36. Dougherty v. Gifford, 826 S.W.2d 668, 674, 675 (Tex. App. 1992).

37. Kelly v. Middle Tennessee Emergency Physicians, P.C., 133 S.W.3d at 596 (Tenn. 2004).

39. Missouri Revised Statutes Section 334.010.

42. Wright v. Yackley, 459 F.2d 287 (9th Cir. 1972).

43. Wright v. Yackley, 459 F.2d 287, 289 (9th Cir. 1972).

44. Andrews v. Lofton, 57 S.E.2d 338, 342 (Ga. App. 1950); Irwin v. Arrendale, 159 S.E.2d 719, 725 (Ga. App. 1967).

45. See, e.g., 42 CFR 410.33(e) (requiring the supervising physician of an independent diagnostic testing facility to be licensed in each state in which the facility operates); 31 U. S.C. § 3729.

46. Cornett v. State, W.O. Moss Hospital, 614 So.2d 189, 193 (La. App. 3rd Cir. 1993).

47. Cornett v. State, W.O. Moss Hospital, 614 So.2d 189, 194 (La. App. 3rd Cir. 1993).

48. Cornett v. State, W.O. Moss Hospital, 614 So.2d 189,196 (La. App. 3rd Cir. 1993).

49. See, e.g. Shadrick v. Coker, 963 S.W.2d 726, 732 (Tenn. 1998).

50. Russell v. Brown, No. E2004-01855-COA-R3-CV, 2005 WL 1991609 (Tenn.Ct.App.) (August 18, 2005).

51. Russell v. Brown, No. E2004-01855-COA-R3-CV, 2005 WL 1991609 *2 (Tenn.Ct.App.) (August 18, 2005).

52. Russell v. Brown, No. E2004-01855-TOA-R3-CV, 2005 WL 1991609 *5 (Tenn.Ct.App.) (August 18, 2005).

53. Russell v. Brown, No. E2004-01855-TOA-R3-CV, 2005 WL 1991609 *13 (Tenn.Ct.App.) (August 18, 2005).

54. See, The American Board of Medical Specialties, 2005 Annual Report & Reference Handbook, available at http://www.abms.org/Downloads/Publications/ AnnualReport2005.pdf, (accessed March 2006).

55. See, e.g., Wharton Transport Corp. v. Bridges, 606 S.W.2d 521 (Tenn. 1980); Gooden v. Tips, 651 S.W.2d 364, 396 (Tex. App. Tyler 1983).

56. Tarasoff v. Regents of University of California, 17 Cal 3d 425, 131 Cal. Rptr 14, 551 P.2d 334 (1976).

57. Taylor v. Smith, 892 So.2d 887, 895 (Ala. 2004).

58. See, e.g., McKenzie v. Hawa'i Permanente Med. Group, Inc., 98 Hawai'i 296, 309, 47 P.3d 1209, 1222 (2002) (physician "owes a duty to non-patient third parties" to warn patients of possible adverse effects of prescribed medication on patients' driving ability, "where the circumstances are such that the reasonable patient could not have been expected to be aware of the risk without the physician's warning"); Joy v. Eastern Maine Med. Ctr., 529 A.2d 1364 (Me. 1987) (physician who treated a patient by placing a patch over his eye owed a duty to motorists to warn the patient against driving while wearing the patch); Welke v. Kuzilla, 144 Mich.App. 245, 252, 375 N.W.2d 403, 406 (1985) (physician who injected a patient with an "unknown substance" owed a duty to motorists "within the scope of foreseeable risk, by virtue of his special relationship with [the patient]"); Wilschinsky v. Medina, 108 N.M. 511, 515, 775 P.2d 713, 717 (1989) (physicians owe a duty "to persons injured by patients driving automobiles from a doctor's office when the patient has just been injected with drugs known to affect judgment and driving ability"); Zavalas v. State Dep't of Corr.,124 Ore.App. 166, 171, 861 P.2d 1026, 1028 (1993) (rejecting the argument "that a physician has no duty to third parties... who claim that the physician's negligent treatment of a patient was the foreseeable cause of their harm"). But see Kirk v. Michael Reese Hosp. & Med. Ctr., 117 Ill.2d 507, 513 N.E.2d 387, 111 Ill.Dec. 944 (1987); Rebollal v. Payne, 145 A.D.2d 617, 536 N.Y.S.2d 147 (1988).

59. Gooden v. Tips, 651 S.W.2d 364, 370 (Tex. App. Tyler 1983).

60. See, generally, Massachusetts Medical Society, "Medical Perspectives on Impaired Driving" (July, 2003), available at http://www.massmed.org/AM/Template.cfm7Sect ion=Home&CONTENTID=5027&TEMPLATE=/CM/HTMLDisplay.cfm, (accessed March 2006).

61. American Medical Association, "Physician's Guide to Assessing and Counseling Older Drivers," Chapter 8 (May 2003), providing a list of all 51 state laws regarding reporting of impaired drivers. The Guide is available at the American Medical Society Website, http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/category/10791.html, (accessed March 2006).

62. See, American Medical Association, "Physician's Guide to Assessing and Counseling Older Drivers," Chapter 8 (May 2003).

63. See, American Medical Society, Ethics Opinion E-2.24, "Impaired Drivers and Their Physicians," (June 2004), available at http: / / www.ama-assn.org (accessed March 2006).

68. See, e.g., Minnesota Human Rights Act, Minn.Stat. § 363.01, Wisconsin Fair Employment Act, Wisc. Stats § 111.34, Maine Human Rights Act, 5 M.R.S.A. §§ 4551-4634.

69. See, e.g., Sutton V. United Air Lines, Inc., 527 U.S. 471, 477, 119 S.Ct. 2139 (1999).

70. See, e.g., EEOC v. Amego, Inc., 110 F.3d 135, 144 (1st Cir. 1997).

71. Matewski v. Orkin Exterminating Co., 2003 WL 21516577 *12 (D. Maine, July 1, 2003).

72. Sanders v. Firstenergy Corp., 157 Ohio App. 3d 826, 834 (2004).

73. Calef v. Gillette Co., 322 F.2d 75, 86 (1st Cir. 2003).

74. Tice v. Centre Area Transportation Authority, 247 F.3d 506, 513 (3rd Cir. 2001).

75. Albertson's, Inc. v. Kirkingburg, 527 U.S. 555, 566 (1999).

76. Dvorak v. Mostardi Platt Assoc., Inc., 289 F.3d 479, 483 (7th Cir. 2002); Bekker v. Humana Health Plan, Inc., 229 F3d 662, 669-70 (7th Cir. 2000).

80. See, e.g., Kolecyck-Yap v. MCI Worldcom, Inc., No. 99 CV 8414, 2001 WL 245531 (N.D. Ill. 2001), Peter v. Lincoln Technical Institute, Inc., 255 F. Supp 417. 431 (N.D. Ill 2002).

81. Miller v. Centennial State Bank, 472 N.W.2d 349, 351 (Minn. Ct. App. 1991).

82. Mont-Ros v. City of West Miami, 111 F. Supp.2d 1338 (S.D. Fla. 2000).

83. See, Pack v. Kmart Corp., 166 F.3d 1300, 1305 (10th Cir. 1999); McAlindin v. County of San Diego, 192 F.3d 1226, 1234 (9th Cir. 1999), Bennett v. Unisys Corporation, No. 2:99CV0446, 2000 WL 33126583, at *5 (E.D.Pa. Dec.11, 2000); Reese v. American Food Service, No. CIV. A.99-1741, 2000 WL 1470212, at *6 (E.D.Pa. Sept.29, 2000), Tedeschi v. Sysco Foods of Philadelphia, No. CIV. A.99-3170, 2000 WL 1281266, at *5 (E.D.Pa. Sept.5, 2000); Enforcement Guidance on the Americans with Disabilities Act and Psychiatric Disabilities, Compliance Manual, COMPLIANCE MANUAL (CCH) P6906, at 5398 (1998) ("EEOC Compliance Manual"). But See, Sarko v. Penn-Del Directory Co., 968 F. Supp. 1026, 1034 n. 8 (E.D. Pa. 1997) (the ability to get a sound night's sleep and report to work on time and clear-minded was not a major life activity).

84. Sutton v. United Air Lines, 130 F.3d 893, 900 (10th Cir. 1997).

85. See Reberg, 2005 WL 3320780 at *5 (citing Katekovich v. TeamRent A Car of Pittsburgh, Inc., 36 Fed. Appx. 688 (3rd Cir.2002); Green v. Pace Suburban Bus, No. 02 C 3031, 2004 WL 1574246 (N.D. Ill. July 12, 2004)).

86. Pack v. Kmart Corp., 166 F.3d 1300, 1306 (10th Cir. 1999).

88. Mont-Ros v. City of West Miami, 111 F. Supp.2d 1338, 1355 (S.D. Fla. 2000).

89. Peter v. Lincoln Technical Institute, Inc., 255 F. Supp. 417, 434 (E.D. Pa. 2002) (ADA claim denied on other grounds).

90. See, e.g., Taylor v. Blue Cross Blue Shield of Texas, 1999 WL 451339 *4 (N.D. Tex. 1999), Pack v. Kmart Corp., 166 F.3d 1300, 1306 (10th Cir. 1999); Mont-Ros v. City of West Miami, 111 F. Supp.2d 1338 (S.D. Fla. 2000); Kolecyck-Yap v. MCI Worldcom, Inc., No. 99 CV 8414, 2001 WL 245531 (N.D. Ill. 2001); Wendt v. Village of Evergreen Park, No. 00 C 7730, 2003 WL 223443 (N.D. Ill. 2003).

91. Mont-Ros v. City of West Miami, 111 F. Supp.2d 1338, 1346 (S.D. Fla. 2000).

92. Long v. Mid-Tennessee Ford Truck Sales, 160 S.W.3d 504, 509 (Tenn. 2005).

93. Burlington Industries, Inc. v. Ellerth, 524 U.S. 742, 756 (1998).

94. Dunlap v. W.L. Logan Trucking Co., 161 Ohio App. 3d 51 (2005).

95. Dunlap v. W.L. Logan Trucking Co., 161 Ohio App. 3d 51, 66 (2005).

96. Dunlap v. W.L. Logan Trucking Co., 161 Ohio App. 3d 51, 67 (2005).

97. Dunlap v. W.L. Logan Trucking Co., 161 Ohio App. 3d 51, 68 (2005).

98. Dunlap v. W.L. Logan Trucking Co., 161 Ohio App. 3d 51, 69 (2005).

99. Martinez v. CO2 Services, Inc., No. 00-2218, slip op. at 7, (10th Cir. April 12, 2001).

100. 10 N.Y. Comp. Codes & Regs., tit. 10, § 405.4 (2002). First enacted in 1989, the regulations limit resident scheduling to no more than 80 hours per week, averaged over four weeks. Shifts are limited to 24 hours with flexibility for certain surgery residents. Violators face significant monetary fines.

101. Baggett v. Brumfield, 758 So.2d 332, 336 (La. App.3d Cir. 2000).

102. Faverty v. McDonald's Restaurants of Oregon, Inc., 133 Or. App. 514, 893 P.2d 703 (1995).

103. Snowbarger v. Tri-County Electric Coop., 793 S.W.2d 348 (Mo. 1990) (electric lineman worked 86 of 100 hour work period during snow emergency and fell asleep at the wheel); Van Devander v. Heller Electric Co., 405 F.2d 1108 (D.C.Cir. 1968) (an electrical equipment installer worked twenty-six consecutive hours on the job and fell asleep from fatigue).

104. Maryland Transit Administration Light Rail Vehicle Accidents at the BaltimoreWashington International Airport Transit Station near Baltimore, Maryland, February 13 and August 15, 2000, Railroad Special Investigation Report NTSB/SIR- 01/02 (Washington, D.C: NTSB, 2001); and Grounding of the Liberian Passenger Ship STAR PRINCESS on Poundstone Rock, Lynn Canal, Alaska, June 23, 1995, Marine Accident Report NTSB/MAR-97/02 (Washington, D.C: NTSB, 1997).

105. National Safety Transportation Board Report No. RAR-02/04, 27, "Railroad Accident Report, Collision of Two Canadian National/Illinois Central Railway Trains Near Clarkston, Michigan, November 15, 2001," (November 19, 2002).

106. National Safety Transportation Board Report No. RAR-02/04, 28 (November 19, 2002).

107. Department of Transportation, Federal Railroad Administration, "Notice of Safety Advisory 2004-04; Effect of Sleep Disorders on Safety of Railroad Operations," 69 Fed. Reg. 190, 58995, 58996 (October 1, 2004).

110. 49 CFR § 391.43; Final Rule, Department of Transportation, Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, "Physical Qualification of Drivers; Medical Examination; Certificate," 65 Fed. Reg. 194, 59363-59380 (October 5, 2000).

111. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, Advisory Criteria, The Conference on Pulmonary/Respiratory Disorders and Commercial Drivers, FHWA-MC-91-004, at 5 (1991), http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/documents/pulmonary1.pdf, (accessed March 2006).

112. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, Advisory Criteria; Conference on Neurological Disorders and Commercial Drivers at: http://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/rules-regs/medreports.html "Seizures, Epilepsy and Interstate Commercial Driving," http:// www.fmcsa.dot.gov/documents/neuro2.pdf.

113. Electronic Guide for Aviation Medical Examiners, http://www.faa.gov/about/office_ org/headquarters_offices/avs/offices/aam/ame/guide/media/sec3.pdf, 61, (July 31, 2005) (accessed March 2006).

114. Electronic Guide for Aviation Medical Examiners, "AASI For History of Sleep Apnea," (January 16, 2006), http://www.faa.gov/about/office_org/headquarters_offices/avs/ offices/aam/ame/guide/media/aasisleep.pdf (accessed March 2006).

116. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Proposed Rule, "Fitness for Duty Programs," 70 Fed. Reg. 165 50442-50620 (August 26, 2005).

Your Heart and Nutrition

Your Heart and Nutrition

Prevention is better than a cure. Learn how to cherish your heart by taking the necessary means to keep it pumping healthily and steadily through your life.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment