1 Dean, W., Santos, F., Stojkovic, M., Zakhartchenko, V., Walter, J., Wolf, E., et al. (2001) Conservation of methylation reprogramming in mammalian development: aberrant reprogramming in cloned embryos. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 98, 13734-13738.
2 Kang, Y. K., Koo, D. B., Park, J. S., Choi, Y. H., Chung, A. S., Lee, K. K., et al. (2001) Aberrant methylation of donor genome in cloned bovine embryos. Nat. Genet. 28, 173-177.
3 Beaujean, N., Taylor, J., Gardner, J., Wilmut, I., Meehan, R., and Young, L. (2004) Effect of limited DNA methylation reprogramming in the normal sheep embryo on somatic cell nuclear transfer. Biol. Reprod. 71, 158-193.
4 Taylor, J., Fairburn, H., Beaujean, N., Meehan, R., and Young, L. (2003) Gene expression in the developing embryo and fetus. Reprod. Suppl. 61, 151-65.
5 Geuns, E., De Rycke, M., Van Steirteghem, A., and Liebaers, I. (2003) Methylation imprints of the imprint control region of the SNRPN-gene in human gametes and preimplantation embryos. Hum. Mol. Genet. 12, 22,2873-22,2879.
6. Frommer, M., McDonald, L. E., Millar, S., Collis, C. M., Watt, F., Grigg, G. W., Molloy, P. L., et al. (1992) A genomic sequencing protocol that yields a positive display of 5-methylcytosine residues in individual DNA strands. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 89, 1827-1831.
7 Olek,, A., Oswald, J., and Walter, J. (1996) A modified and improved method for bisulphite based cytosine methylation analysis. Nucleic Acids Res. 24, 24,506424,5066.
8 Oswald, J., Engemann, S., Lane, N., Mayer, W., Olek, A., Fundele, R., et al. (2000) Active demethylation of the paternal genome in the mouse zygote. Curr. Biol. 10, 475-478.
9 Lane, N., Dean, W., Erhardt ,S., Hajkova, P., Surani, A., Walter, J., and Reik, W. (2003) Resistance of IAPs to methylation reprogramming may provide a mechanism for epigenetic inheritance in the mouse. Genesis 35, 2, 88-2, 93.
10 Kang, Y. K., Koo, D. B., Park, J. S., Choi, Y. H., Kim, H. N., Chang, W. K., et al. (2001) Typical demethylation events in cloned pig embryos. clues on species-specific differences in epigenetic reprogramming of a cloned donor genome. J. Biol. Chem. 276, 39980-39984.
11 Kang, Y.K, Koo, D. B., Park, J. S., Choi, Y. H., Lee, K. K., and Han, Y. M. (2001) Influence of oocyte nuclei on demethylation of donor genome in cloned bovine embryos. FEBS Lett. 499, 55-58.
12 Rother, K. I., Silke, J., Georgiev, O., Schaffner, W., and Matsuo, K. (1995) Influence of DNA sequence and methylation status on bisulfite conversion of cytosine residues. Anal. Biochem. 231, 263-265.
13 Warnecke, P. M., Stirzaker, C., Melki, J. R., Millar, D. S., Paul, C. L., and Clark, S. J. (1997) Detection and measurement of PCR bias in quantitative methylation analysis of bisulphite-treated DNA. Nucleic Acids Res. 25, 21,4422-21,4226.
14 Kurnit, D. M., Brown, F. L., and Maio, J. J. (1978) Mammalian repetitive DNA sequences in a stable Robertsonian system. Characterization, in situ hybridizations, and cross-species hybridizations of repetitive DNAs in calf, sheep, and goat chromosomes. Cytogenet. Cell. Genet. 21, 145-167.
15 Novak, U. (1984) Structure and properties of a highly repetitive DNA sequence in sheep. Nucleic Acids Res. 12, 2343-2350.
16 Burkin, D. J., Broad, T. E., and Jones, C. (1996) The chromosomal distribution and organization of sheep satellite I and II centromeric DNA using characterized sheep-hamster somatic cell hybrids. Chromosome Res. 4, 49-55.
17 Lenstra, J.A,., van Boxtel, J. A., Zwaagstra, K. A., and Schwerin, M. (1993) Short interspersed nuclear element (SINE) sequences of the Bovidae. Anim. Genet. 24, 33-39.
18 Buchanan, F. C., Littlejohn, R. P., Galloway, S. M., and Crawford, A. M. (1993) Microsatellites and associated repetitive elements in the sheep genome. Mamm. Genome. 4, 5,258-5,264.
John M. Walker, Series Editor
337 Ion Channels: Methods and Protocols, edited by
J. D. Stockand and Mark S. Shapiro, 2006 336 Clinical Applications of PCR: Second Edition, edited by Y. M. Dennis Lo, Rossa W. K. Chiu, and K. C. Allen Chan, 2006 335 Fluorescent Energy Transfer Nucleic Acid
Probes: Designs and Protocols, edited by Vladimir v. Didenko, 2006 334 PRINS and In Situ PCR Protocols: Second
Edition, edited by Franck Pellestor, 2006 333 Transplantation Immunology: Methods and Protocols, edited by Philip Hornick and Marlene Rose, 2006
332 Transmembrane Signaling Protocols: Second Edition, edited by Hydar Ali and Haribabu Bodduluri, 2006
331 Human Embryonic Stem Cell Protocols, edited by Kursad Turksen, 2006 330 Nonhuman Embryonic Stem Cell Protocols, Vol.
II: Differentiation Models, edited by Kursad Turksen, 2006
329 Nonhuman Embryonic Stem Cell Protocols, Vol.
I: Isolation and Characterization, edited by Kursad Turksen, 2006
328 New and Emerging Proteomic Techniques, edited by Dobrin Nedelkov and Randall W. Nelson, 2006 327 Epidermal Growth Factor: Methods and Protocols, edited by Tarun B. Patel and Paul J. Bertics, 2006 326 In Situ Hybridization Protocols, Third Edition, edited by Ian A. Darby and Tim D. Hewitson, 2006 325. Nuclear Reprogramming: Methods and
Protocols, edited by Steve Pells, 2006 324 Hormone Assays in Biological Fluids, edited by Michael J. Wheeler and J. S. Morley Hutchinson, 2006
323. Arabidopsis Protocols, Second Edition, edited by
Julio Salinas and Jose J. Sanchez-Serrano, 2006 322 Xenopus Protocols: Cell Biology and Signal
Transduction, edited by X. Johne Liu, 2006 321 Microfluidic Techniques: Reviews and Protocols, edited by Shelley D. Minteer, 2006 320. Cytochrome P450 Protocols, Second Edition, edited by Ian R. Phillips and Elizabeth A. Shephard, 2006 319. Cell Imaging Techniques, Methods and Protocols, edited by Douglas J. Taatjes and Brooke T. Mossman, 2006
318. Plant Cell Culture Protocols, Second Edition, edited by Victor M. Loyola-Vargas and Felipe Vazquez-Flota, 2005
317 Differential Display Methods and Protocols, Second Edition, edited by Peng Liang, Jonathan Meade, and Arthur B. Pardee, 2005
316 Bioinformatics and Drug Discovery, edited by
Richard S. Larson, 2005 315 Mast Cells: Methods and Protocols, edited by Guha
Krishnaswamy and David S. Chi, 2005 3544 DNA Repair Protocols: Mammalian Systems, Second
Edition, edited by Daryl S. Henderson, 2006 313 Yeast Protocols: Second Edition, edited by Wei Xiao, 2005
312 Calcium Signaling Protocols: Second Edition, edited by David G. Lambert, 2005 311 Pharmacogenomics: Methods and Protocols, edited by Federico Innocenti, 2005 3504 Chemical Genomics: Reviews and Protocols, edited by Edward D. Zanders, 2005 309 RNA Silencing: Methods and Protocols, edited by
Gordon Carmichael, 2005 308 Therapeutic Proteins: Methods and Protocols, edited by C. Mark Smales and David C. James, 2005 307 Phosphodiesterase Methods and Protocols, edited by Claire Lugnier, 2005 306 Receptor Binding Techniques: Second Edition, edited by Anthony P. Davenport, 2005 305 Protein-Ligand Interactions: Methods and
Applications, edited by G. Ulrich Nienhaus, 2005 3044 Human Retrovirus Protocols: Virology and
Molecular Biology, edited by Tuofu Zhu, 2005 3034 NanoBiotechnology Protocols, edited by Sandra J.
Rosenthal and David W. Wright, 2005 302 Handbook of ELISPOT: Methods and Protocols, edited by Alexander E. Kalyuzhny, 2005 301 Ubiquitin-Proteasome Protocols, edited by
Cam Patterson and Douglas M. Cyr, 2005 3004 Protein Nanotechnology: Protocols,
Instrumentation, and Applications, edited by Tuan Vo-Dinh, 2005 2994 Amyloid Proteins: Methods and Protocols, edited by Einar M. Sigurdsson, 2005 2984 Peptide Synthesis and Application, edited by
John Howl, 2005 297 Forensic DNA Typing Protocols, edited by
Angel Carracedo, 2005 296 Cell Cycle Control: Mechanisms and Protocols, edited by Tim Humphrey and Gavin Brooks, 2005 2954 Immunochemical Protocols, Third Edition, edited by Robert Burns, 2005 2944 Cell Migration: Developmental Methods and
Protocols, edited by Jun-Lin Guan, 2005 293 Laser Capture Microdissection: Methods and Protocols, edited by Graeme I. Murray and Stephanie Curran, 2005 2924 DNA Viruses: Methods and Protocols, edited by
Paul M. Lieberman, 2005 295. Molecular Toxicology Protocols, edited by Phouthone Keohavong and Stephen G. Grant, 2005
M E T H O D S 1
1 N M O L E C U L A R B I O L O G Y ™
Was this article helpful?
Diabetes is a disease that affects the way your body uses food. Normally, your body converts sugars, starches and other foods into a form of sugar called glucose. Your body uses glucose for fuel. The cells receive the glucose through the bloodstream. They then use insulin a hormone made by the pancreas to absorb the glucose, convert it into energy, and either use it or store it for later use. Learn more...