[8

Tragia involucrata L. is a commonly available medicinal plant belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae. The Malaiali tribes use different parts of this plant for treating wounds and skin infections in Western Ghats of India [9]. The leaves are used to cure headache and the roots to treat fever. A paste prepared from the root inactivates and kills worms. The paste is mixed with leaf juice of Ocimum sanctum and employed for the treatment of skin and venereal diseases. The fruit extracts are rubbed on the head to treat baldness. The efficacy of this plant is well-known in Indian traditional medicine systems [10], However, the stinging hairs of the plant have sharp siliceous points that break off when touched and can penetrate the skin. Baily and van Puyvelde [11] reported the antimicrobial activity of methanol extracts of Tragia brevipes against Staphylococcus aureus. Thus far, only taxonomic studies have been carried out on this plant [ 12]. Hence, the present investigations have focused on the in vitro screening of various extracts of Tragia involucrata tested against bacteria.

Figure 1. Tragic involucrata as a tribal "Malaiali"-used traditional therapy for bacterial infections.

(a) Whole plant in its natural habitat, (b) Roots, (c) Fruits with stinking needles, (d) Seeds

Figure 1. Tragic involucrata as a tribal "Malaiali"-used traditional therapy for bacterial infections.

(a) Whole plant in its natural habitat, (b) Roots, (c) Fruits with stinking needles, (d) Seeds

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