R

Recipient

Recipient Quick Reference: One who receives.

Advanced Reference: One who receives blood from another. The universal recipient is someone who can receive blood from all groups of donors. Also, a recipient receiving a donated organ for transplantation.

Recovery Quick Reference: Refers to the recovery area of theatre suits. Advanced Reference: Now more regularly being referred to as post-anaesthetic care unit (PACU) and in some centres also functions as a high-dependency unit (HDU).

Rectocele Quick Reference: (rec-toe-seal) Prolapse of the rectum.

Advanced Reference: Occurs commonly in women following childbirth and due to overstretching of the vaginal wall.

Rectum Quick Reference: Last section of the large intestines.

Advanced Reference: The last few inches of the intestine, terminating in the anal canal, sigmoid flexure to anus.

Rectus sheath Quick Reference: A covering over the rectus abdominis muscle.

Advanced Reference: It is a thick sheath of connective tissue which covers the rectus abdominis muscle.

Recumbent Quick Reference: Lying down, reclining.

Advanced Reference: A recumbent position, sometimes used to describe or infer supine.

Recurrent Quick Reference: To recur. Happening time after time. Turning back so as to renew direction.

Advanced Reference: An example in anatomy is the recurrent laryn-geal nerve where one branch loops under the subclavian artery on the right side and under the arch of the aorta on the left, then returns upward to the larynx to supply all the muscles of the thyroid, except the cricothyroid.

Redivac Quick Reference: Pre-vacuumed surgical drain.

Advanced Reference: Pre-vacuumed sterile portable, self-contained closed wound suction unit. A Redivac drain is used intra-operatively and gives a more accurate blood loss post-surgery.

Reducing valve Quick Reference: Pressure-regulating valve.

Advanced Reference: Device for reducing high-pressure delivery of gases to anaesthetic machines and maintaining the reduced pressure at a manageable level.

Reduction Quick Reference: Correction of or decrease in size.

Advanced Reference: (i) The correction of a fracture or dislocation of a bone. (ii) The measures taken to reduce a hernia by surgical operation to ensure that the abdominal organs remain within the cavity while the weak

Religion and culture muscle lining is repaired. (iii) Refers to a breast reduction, the cosmetic surgery to make the breast size smaller.

Re-fashioning Quick Reference: Surgical re-suturing or re-anchoring of a structure.

Advanced Reference: Essentially this is the re-suturing of a structure previously made during surgery. Re-fashioning of a colostomy, would be to re-site or correct the stoma on the skin surface.

Reflex Quick Reference: Involuntary response to a stimulus.

Advanced Reference: This is the automatic reaction by the body to a stimulus, determined by impulses in nerves, e.g. a knee-jerk.

Reflux Quick Reference: Backward flow.

Advanced Reference: Term used to indicate regurgitation as with gastro-oesophageal reflux, etc. due to hiatus hernia.

Refraction Quick Reference: The deviation of light rays from a straight pathway.

Advanced Reference: In medicine, refraction refers to the focusing mechanism of the eye.

Regurgitation Quick Reference: The back flow of gastric contents into the mouth.

Advanced Reference: Regurgitation is a passive act while vomiting is active and requires muscle tone. Therefore, patients administered a muscle relaxant for general anaesthetic (GA) regurgitate. If this occurs can be aspirated into the lungs and lead to Mendelson's syndrome.

Rejection Quick Reference: Refers to the rejection of transplanted organs.

Advanced Reference: Involves the host forming antibodies against the transplanted tissue, leading to eventual rejection.

Relative humidity Quick Reference: This is the ratio of the mass of water vapour in a given volume of the air to the mass.

Advanced Reference: Relative humidity is the absolute humidity divided by the amount present when the gas(air) is fully saturated at the same temperature and pressure. Applicable to theatre environment where it should be approximately 50% to 55% and measured with a hygrometer.

Relaxant Quick Reference: Refers to muscle-relaxant drugs. To paralyse the patient.

Advanced Reference: Used to provide loss of muscle tone for surgery and intubation. Includes both depolarising and non-depolarising types.

Religion and culture Quick Reference: Refers to the varied treatment requirements of diverse groups.

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Pregnancy And Childbirth

Pregnancy And Childbirth

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