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Remifentanil

Advanced Reference: Although staff have always been aware of the specific needs in relation to culture and religion (Jehovah's Witnesses, etc.), the issue has gained prominence in recent years and at all stages staff must be aware of any aspects of treatment that could be contra to beliefs. Patients should be consulted regarding any areas of concern and all staff should receive appropriate training so to avoid potential infringement and possible discrimination.

Remifentanil Quick Reference: Opioid analgesic.

Advanced Reference: Short-acting opioid, popularly used as an infusion during anaesthesia.

Remission Quick Reference: The active process of surrendering, resigning or retreating.

Advanced Reference: A temporary and incomplete subsidence of the active source of pain, infection or more serious illness. Often referred to in the context that a patient's cancer has gone into remission. This would indicate that the symptoms have eased or disease progress slowed or halted.

Renal Quick Reference: Relating to the kidney.

Advanced Reference: Located or affecting the region of the kidney.

Renal failure Quick Reference: Inability of the kidney to carry out its normal functions.

Advanced Reference: May be acute or chronic. Acute renal failure (ARF) may be due to trauma and shock, when a lengthy drop in blood pressure (BP) may be the cause and function may/should return after a period of perfusion or dialysis. Chronic renal failure (CRF) failure can be due to a number of disease processes and involves long-term dialysis and eventual transplantation.

Rendell-Baker Quick Reference: Commonly refers to a design of paediatric face mask.

Advanced Reference: Designed to minimise dead space by being anatomically moulded to fit the face.

< Renin QuickReference: Hormoneformedbythekidneys.

J Advanced Reference: Concerned with the regulation of BP. Released is into the bloodstream by the renal arterioles when kidneys are damaged i or ischaemic and causes vasoconstriction and so a rise in BP.

Rennin Quick Reference: An enzyme present in gastric juice. S. Advanced Reference: Responsible for clotting the protein casein, as the

Q first step in the digestion of milk.

g Resection Quick Reference: The surgical removal of an organ or structure.

Advanced Reference: Used commonly to indicate general cutting and removal during surgery.

Resuscitation

Resectoscope Quick Reference: Surgical instrument used in urology.

Advanced Reference: A cutting attachment used in conjunction with a telescope passed back down the urethra to reduce the size of the prostate by cutting and shaving (TURP).

Reservoir bag Quick Reference: Bag incorporated into anaesthetic-breathing systems.

Advanced Reference: Its function is to store gases and provide them for continued ventilation. Can also be an indicator of breathing pattern and efficiency during spontaneous respiration.

Residual/residue Quick Reference: Relating to, or being something that remains.

Advanced Reference: Can refer to the residual volume in the lungs after a maximum expiration. Residue left in the bladder following urination.

Resistance Quick Reference: Power or capacity to resist.

Advanced Reference: Examples could be electrical resistance or resistance in breathing systems, especially in relation to paediatrics.

Respirometer Quick Reference: Device for measuring expiratory gas volumes.

Advanced Reference: Found in different designs (electronic and mechanical) in anaesthetic apparatus (Wright's) as well as for testing lung capacity and capability.

Resusci-Annie Quick Reference: A cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training manikin.

Advanced Reference: An education tool used for teaching CPR. Various models are available but primarily they respond to attempts of rescue breathing and external cardiac massage. Available in child and adult sizes.

Resuscitaire Quick Reference: (re-sus-sit-air) A specially designed resuscitation trolley for newborn.

Advanced Reference: Resuscitaires are a moveable trolley that has a sloping bed (head down) for the newborn. This device is used to resuscitate and/or monitor the newborn for normal respiration, cardiac function and adequate oxygenation. The resuscitaire has suction, oxygen delivery, overhead heating lamp and accessories required immediately following delivery.

Resuscitation Quick Reference: (re-sus-sit-a-shon) To revive, try to bring back to normal.

Advanced Reference: Term used to indicate the process of reviving someone (apparently dead or dying), using CPR techniques. However, is used to cover the treatment of shock and stabilise patients with intravenous (IV) fluids, medication, oxygen, etc.

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