Advanced Reference: Used in the prevention and treatment of angina pectoris, especially when beta-blockers have not been effective.

Dioxin Quick Reference: An organic chemical compound.

Advanced Reference: It is carcinogenic and can cause genetic changes leading to congenital deformities. The incomplete or inefficient burning of plastics (polyvinyl chloride, PVC) in hospital incinerators was highlighted as a likely source. Also referred to as agent orange, a defoliant used in wartime.

Diprivan Quick Reference: Anaesthetic-induction agent.

Advanced Reference: Proprietary form of propofol. Also used as a maintenance agent. Has a rapid recovery and fast excretion time so is recommended for day-case surgery.

Disarticulation Quick Reference: Amputation or separation at a joint.

Advanced Reference: An example is disarticulation of the leg, separated at the hip joint. Sometimes referred to as hind-quarter.

Disc Quick Reference: A flattened circular structure.

Advanced Reference: Intervertebral disc is a fibrous-cartilaginous pad that separates the bodies of the two adjacent vertebrae. Discectomy is excision of part or whole of an intervertebal disc. The optic disc is a white spot in the retina where the optic nerve enters.

Discard-a-pad Quick Reference: Pad used by the scrub practitioner to safely dispose of sharps.

Advanced Reference: Besides being used for the disposal of needles, sutures, blades, etc. can also be an aid to efficient checking of the needles.

Disinfectant Quick Reference: (dis-in-fek-tant) Surface cleaning fluid.

Advanced Reference: An agent that disinfects; applied particularly to agents used on inanimate objects; whereas an antiseptic, is an agent that is capable of destroying micro-organisms. Can be known as an antiseptic, i.e. antiseptic betadine a skin preparation used at the beginning of operations to clean the skin.

Dislocation Quick Reference: (dis-lo-ka-shun) In Latin locare means place. Is a popular term that indicates moving out of position.

Advanced Reference: The displacement of any part, more especially of a bone from its natural position upon another at a joint, e.g. dislocated hip.

Dissect Quick Reference: (di-sekt ) To cut carefully in the study of anatomy. Advanced Reference: During an operation to separate according to natural lines of structure.

Dissecting forceps Quick Reference: A surgical instrument used for holding tissues.

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