Advanced Reference: A symphysis is a cartilaginous joint along the line of the union of two bones.

Synovial Quick Reference: Indicates the area incorporating a joint.

Advanced Reference: Synovial fluid is the lubricating fluid secreted by the synovial membrane to act as a lubricant for the joint. Synovitis is inflammation of the membrane.

Syntocinon Quick Reference: (sin-toe-sin-on) Proprietary preparation of the hormone oxytocin.

Advanced Reference: Causes increased contraction of the uterus during labour. Administered therapeutically to induce or assist labour and control postnatal bleeding. Used in similar circumstances to ergometrine.

Syntometrine Quick Reference: (sin-toe-met-rine) A proprietary preparation of the alkaloid ergometrine together with oxytocin. Similar effects and use to ergometrine and syntocinon.

Advanced Reference: Used during the final stages of labour and control postnatal bleeding.

Syringe pump Quick Reference: Programmed pumps that can be adjusted to deliver differing rates of infusion.

Advanced Reference: Utilised in anaesthesia, intensive care units (ICUs) and throughout mainly critical-care areas. Numerous designs exist and in some cases for specific use. Involve the mounting of a syringe to a motorised driver system. Commonly used for patient-controlled analgesia (PCA), drug infusion, etc.

Systole Quick Reference: Contraction period of the heart muscle.

Advanced Reference: Atrial systole (contraction) is the phase when blood is pumped from the atria to the ventricles and ventricular systole (contraction) involves the pumping of blood into the aorta and pulmonary artery.

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