Medical terminology

Prefixes, suffixes and roots a-, an-abad-

adip-

aemia aesthesia algia angi(o)-

ante-

anti-

asis audio-

andro-

auto-

bil-

blephar(o)-

brachi(o)-

brady-

bronch(o)-

carcin-

cardio carp-

centi-

cephal(o)-

cerebr(o)-

cervic(o)-

chemo-

chol-

chondr-o not, without away from towards gland fat blood sensation pain blood vessel before, in front against joint state of hearing, sound man self two bile eyelid arm slow windpipe cancer heart wrist a hundredth head brain neck chemical bile cartilage

co-, col-, com-, con-

together, with

colp-

vagina

contra-

against, counter, e.g. drug

cost(o)-

rib

costal

relating to the rib

crani(o)-

skull

cryo-

cold

cyst

bladder

cyt-

cell

dacry-

tear

dactyl-

finger

dent-

tooth

derm-

skin

di-, diplo-

two, double

dia-

through

diplo-

double

dis-

apart, away from

dors-

back

dys-

difficult, abnormal

ect-

outside

ectomy

cutting out

em-, en-, end-, ent-

in, inside, within

endo-

within, intp

enter(o)-

intestine

epi-

upon, over

eu-

good, normal

ex-, exo-

out of

ferro(i)-

iron

gastr-

stomach

genito-

genitals

gingivo-

gums

glosso-

tongue

glyco-

sugar

gynae

women

haem-

blood

hecta-

one hundred

hemi-

half

hepat-

liver

hetero-

unlike, dissimilar

hidro-

sweat

hist-

tissue, web

homeo-

like

hydro-

water

hygro-

moisture

hyper-

above

hypno-

sleep

hypo-

below

hyster(o)-

womb or uterus

idio-

peculiar to, own

immuno-

immunity or immune

infra-

below

inter-

between

intra-

within

intro-

inwards

iso-

equal

-itis

inflammation

kilo-

one thousand

lacto-

milk

laparo-

loins or abdomen

laryng(o)-

windpipe (upper) and larynx

later-o

side

leuc-, leuk-

white

lipo-

fat

lith(o)-

stone

lordo-

bent forward

macro-

large

mal-

poor, abnormal

mano-

pressure

mast-

breast

medi-

middle

mega-

big, enlarged

meso-

middle

micr-

small

micro-

one millionth

milli-

thousandth

mono-

single

mort-

death

multi-

many

myelo-

marrow

myo-

muscle

narco-

sleep, stupor

naso-

nose

neo-

new

nephr(o)-

kidney

neur(o)-

nerve

nulli-

none

odont-

tooth

oligo-

difficult

oma-

tumour

onco-

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