K

Kaltostat Quick Reference: Type of wound dressing.

Advanced Reference: These dressings absorb exudate from wounds and turn to a gel which is then easily removed by syringing with saline. The gel also provides a moist covering for wound surfaces which enhances normal healing.

Kaolin Quick Reference: (kao-lin) Compound used in the treatment of diarrhoea.

Advanced Reference: Sometimes mixed with morphine (kaolin-morph). Original source is China clay.

Kefzol Quick Reference: Proprietary antibiotic.

Advanced Reference: A preparation of the cephalosporin, cephazolin.

Kellers Quick Reference: An operation to correct deformity of the big toe.

Advanced Reference: Also referred to as halux valgus procedure. Commonly identified as a bunion.

Keloid Quick Reference: (keel-oid) An overgrowth of scar tissue at the site of a wound.

Advanced Reference: Associated with scar tissue, instead of gradually disappearing the affected area spreads and causes puckering of the surrounding skin.

Kelvin Quick Reference: SI unit of temperature.

Advanced Reference: Based on an absolute temperature scale where zero K is the temperature at which molecular motion ceases.

Keratome Quick Reference: Surgical knife used in ophthalmic surgery.

Advanced Reference: A trowel-shaped blade for incising the cornea.

Kerrison Rongeur Quick Reference: Bone nibbler.

Advanced Reference: Used in orthopaedics and neurosurgery, e.g. laminectomy. Available with an upward or downward bite.

Ketamine Quick Reference: Anaesthetic agent. Alternative name is ketalar.

Advanced Reference: Termed a dissociative anaesthetic agent. May be given intravenously (IV) or intramuscularly (IM). Known to produce hallucinations and nightmares.

Ketones

Ketones Quick Reference: Products of incomplete fat metabolism.

Advanced Reference: Ketones are compounds containing the carboxyl group. Seen in relation to diabetic patients and acknowledged as being present by the breath having a smell resembling 'pear drops'. Poisoning by ketones is termed ketosis.

Ketorolac Quick Reference: A non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID).

Advanced Reference: Has moderate analgesic affects combined with anti-inflammatory action.

Key(ed) filling system Quick Reference: System for filling anaesthetic vaporisers.

Advanced Reference: Designed to prevent filling with an incorrect agent as well as preventing spillage and consequent pollution.

Key hole surgery Quick Reference: Slang term for minimally invasive surgical procedures.

Advanced Reference: Indicates the use of telescopes as an alternative to open surgery.

kHz Quick Reference: kilohertz.

Advanced Reference: The unit of frequency.

Kidney Quick Reference: One of the two organs sited in the lumbar region.

Advanced Reference: Part of the urinary system and responsible for producing urine. Other functions include filtration of blood, maintenance of pH, re-absorption and secretion of salts and sugars, adjustment of blood pressure (BP), etc.

Kidney bridge Quick Reference: Elevation facility incorporated into some operating tables.

Advanced Reference: The bridge is integral to the table design and is elevated during kidney surgery when the patient is in the lateral position. Intended to give better visualisation and access to the upper kidney area during surgery. Sometimes used in combination with jack-knifing of 7 the table but improper use can lead to injury and reports of vena-caval g occlusion have been reported.

2 Kidney sling Quick Reference: A surgical sundry used to position and

■£ lower the kidney during transplantation.

£ Advanced Reference: Used by some surgeons during renal transplants' ation. The sling can prevent unnecessary handling of the kidney during a surgery. Also to lower the kidney into the correct anatomical position ,s= prior to anastomosis of the vein, artery and then ureter.

m g Kilogram Quick Reference: SI unit of mass.

Advanced Reference: Equal to 1000 grams. Kilo denotes a factor of 1000.

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