ECG Quick Reference: Electrocardiograph.
Advanced Reference: A recording or visual display of the electrical changes in the heart muscle taken through electrodes attached to the external chest wall. During routine anaesthesia three leads are applied however patients with heart conditions may require a 12 lead ECG tracing, 12 lead offers a more in depth look at the health status of the heart.
Echocardiography Quick Reference: (car-dee-og-raffy) Cardiac imaging using ultrasound.
Advanced Reference: The use of ultrasound to examine the heart in terms of both anatomy and function.
Eclampsia Quick Reference: (e-clamp-cia) Convulsions during pregnancy due to toxaemia.
Advanced Reference: Pre-eclampsia is the state preceding the crisis. Eclampsia produces fits/convulsions and possible coma and is characterised by oedema, hypertension and protein in the urine (proteinuria). Immediate treatment is to deliver the baby, as the condition can be fatal to both mother and foetus.
ECT Quick Reference: Electro-convulsive therapy.
Advanced Reference: Treatment of mental illness by applying a small electric shock to the external scalp with electrodes. This passes through the frontal lobes of the brain and brings about a brief period of unconsciousness followed by convulsion. It is used in the treatment of depression and schizophrenia which do not respond to other treatment regimes.
-ectomy Quick Reference: Surgical removal of a part or all of an organ.
Advanced Reference: A suffix which describes that an organ or part thereof has been surgically removed/excised, e.g. appendicectomy, surgical removal of the appendix.
Ectopic Quick Reference: Outside or away from the normal site.
Advanced Reference: Ectopic indicates an abnormal anatomical situation or position. Examples being ectopic pregnancy (when a fertilised ovum settles and starts to develop in the fallopian tube instead of progressing
Ectropian to the uterus) and also ectopic heartbeat (when extra beats originate from an area other than the normal conduction system).
Ectropian Quick Reference: Eyelid turned outwards.
Advanced Reference: The margin of the eyelid is averted and requires surgery to shorten the lower eyelid. Most commonly seen in the elderly, people with nerve palsy or if the skin of the lower eyelid has been scarred following trauma or previous surgery.
Edinburgh Tray System Quick Reference: A system for surgical tray layout.
Advanced Reference: During processing of surgical instruments and in surgical use the adoption of the Edinburgh Tray System is highly effective in locating instruments. The system uses a rolled up length of sterile paper placed beneath the handles of the surgical instruments. The instruments were grouped together without a sterile retaining pin. The systematic order allowed easy access and accountability of the instruments.
Edrophonium Quick Reference: (ed-ro-fone-eum) An anticholinesterase.
Advanced Reference: Available as tensilon.
EEG Quick Reference: Electroencephalogram.
Advanced Reference: A record of the electrical activity in the brain through electrodes attached to the scalp.
Efcortisol Quick Reference: Proprietary preparation of hydrocortisone.
Advanced Reference: A corticosteroid used as an anti-inflammatory for allergy, to treat shock and make up a deficiency of steroid hormone.
Efferent Quick Reference: Leading away from the centre to the periphery.
Advanced Reference: Efferent arterioles/artery exits in the glomerulus of the kidney after entering as the afferent vessel. Efferent motor nerves leave the brain to supply the muscles.
Effusion Quick Reference: An outpouring of fluid into the tissues or a cavity.
Advanced Reference: Examples where this is common are the knee and pleural space and can involve blood serum, etc. Causes can be due to inflammation or congestion.
o Elastic stockings Quick Reference: Support devices for the legs.
■g Advanced Reference: Used in cases of varicose veins or oedema of the
I: legs. Made with various degrees of elasticity according to the support c needed. In relation to theatres, are used to prevent deep vein thrombosis
® Elective Quick Reference: Chosen. Used with reference to type of admission to hospital.
atri Advanced Reference: Used to differentiate between a scheduled and 8 emergency procedure. Common example is an elective Caesarean section as opposed to emergency due to either maternal or foetal complications.
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Everything you wanted to know about. How To Cure Tennis Elbow. Are you an athlete who suffers from tennis elbow? Contrary to popular opinion, most people who suffer from tennis elbow do not even play tennis. They get this condition, which is a torn tendon in the elbow, from the strain of using the same motions with the arm, repeatedly. If you have tennis elbow, you understand how the pain can disrupt your day.